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The British Olduwan

2020.09.05 03:29 StevenStevens43 The British Olduwan

The British Olduwan
Olduvai gorge:
One of the most important archaeological and anthropological sites in the world, in understanding the earliest known origins of Human-being, comes from a location known as Olduvai gorge in Tanzania, were Oldowan is thought to have first began evolving in to modern human, 1.9 million years ago.
Olduvai gorge
The Olduvai Gorge it has proven invaluable in furthering understanding of early human evolution.

Homo habilis, approximately 1.9 million years ago
Link for photo
However, it is likely that Olduwan was born from inter-racial breeding
It appears one of the first things Oldowan man done, was go seeking for lands, perhaps a little cooler in temperature, as Olduwan, 1.8 million years ago first appeared in Georgia, Europe.
In fact, by 1 million years ago, Olduwan man had even turned up in the area that would be considered modern day London.
Pre-history of Europe
Homo erectus georgicus, which lived roughly 1.8 million years ago in Georgia), is the earliest hominid to have been discovered in Europe.
Link for photo
Olduwan expansion
Other Oldowans headed for Indonesia.
Homo erectus in Indonesia by 1.8 million years
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1.5 million years ago, Oldowan man entered Russia, by the Caucasus, which leads in to Scandanavia from the Northern land bridge, which still exists today.
In 2006, 1.5-million-year-old Oldowan flint tools were discovered in the Dagestan Akusha region of the north Caucasus,
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China 1.35m years ago
Recent study shows that the stone tools found at Xiaochangliang site are magnetostratigraphically dated to 1.36 million years ago.[9]
Link for photo
Return of Oldowan:
It would appear one of Olduwans descendants, likely returned to Africa around, 300,000 BC, via europe. Crossing the Gibraltar straits.
the Acheulean. Possibly the first hunters, H. erectus mastered the art of making fire and was the first hominid to leave Africa, colonizing most of Afro-Eurasia and perhaps later giving rise to Homo floresiensis.

The earliest known Homo sapiens fossils include the Jebel Irhoud remains from Morocco (ca. 315,000 years ago),[12]

Don't take offence:
Ok, now, it is likely that the first modern humans, are still around today, in the exact same form they were then. And today, they are classed as "intelligent modern humans".
They were likely, "the pygmy peoples".
The reason they were likely the same people, as todays pygmy peoples, comes from the knowledge that the Jebel Irhoud, were extremely small in size.
The Jebel Irhoud individuals also had very thick brow ridges and lacked prognathism.[18]
Link for photo
Now, anthropoligical studies pretty much prove, that the Magdalenians that inhabited mainland europe between 17,000 BC and the onset of the younger dryas, were the same people as Jebel Irhoud.
Period biology
The fauna of the Magdalenian epoch seems to have included tigers .
Magdalenian humans appear to have been of short stature, dolichocephalic, with a low retreating forehead and prominent brow ridges.
Link for photo
Magdalenian expansion
Cheddar man:
The map above does not attribute Southern parts of Britain, to have been colonialised by the Magdalenians, however Britains oldest known skeleton is Cheddar man, believed to be from around 9,100 BC, and also thought by anthropologists, to be black in skin colour.
Cheddar man
Cheddar Man is a human male fossil found in Gough's Cave in Cheddar Gorge, Somerset, England. The skeletal remains date to the Mesolithic (ca. 9100 BP, 7100 BC) and dark or dark to black skin.[2]
Link for photo
The reason it would have been so easy for the Magdalene to colonise Thames valley, would be due to the fact that, not only would they have the brain capacity to cross the Gibraltar straits, they would also have the advantage of being able to cross the Doggerland land bridge, which had not sunk yet, until 6,500 BC.
Doggerland was an area of land, now submerged beneath the southern North Sea, that connected Britain to continental Europe. It was flooded by rising sea levels around 6500–6200 BC.
Link for photo
Pygmy peoples:
Pygmy peoples of today, can be found mostly in the Congo region of Africa.
They are a peoples which typically average a height of less than 4 ft 11.
Pygmy peoples
In anthropology, pygmy peoples are ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short. The term pygmyism is used to describe the phenotype of endemic short stature (as opposed to disproportionate dwarfism occurring in isolated cases in a population) for populations in which adult men are on average less than 150 cm (4 ft 11 in) tall.[1]
The term is primarily associated with the African Pygmies, the hunter-gatherers of the Congo basin (comprising the Bambenga, Bambuti and Batwa).[2]
Link for photo
Pygmy peoples
Effacer le Tableau:
Whilst the only noticable difference between you, and a Pygmy person, is their small stature, and the fact that even today, they are hunter gatherers, despite some politically correct Scientists insisting that Pygmy peoples are not descended from Hunter gatherers, the Pygmy peoples have been the victims of repeated attempted genocides and extermination campaigns.
Most recently, January 2003.
Violence against pygmy peoples
From the end of 2002 through January 2003 around 60,000 pygmy civilians and 10,000 combatants were killed in an extermination campaign known as "Effacer le Tableau" during the Second Congo War.[27][28] Human rights activists have made demands for the massacre to be recognized as genocide.[29]
Link for photo
Baka dancers
Bantu master:
Even "today" the Bantu make no bones about the fact that they are the pygmy peoples "masters".
Perhaps it makes them feel big.
However even "you" have joined in, on Pygmy genocidal bullying, without even knowing it, or have you never used the term "mongo", in your younger years?
Mongo, is a pygmy language, aswell as a Pygmy location.
The word Mongo, should not be used disparagingly.
But unless you want to be part of a genocide campaign, you should also not ban the word from your vocabulary.
Simply use it, respectfully.
To put in to simple terms.
If a pygmy person went on the internet, and told everyone he was a Mongo, he would likely be banned, by a well meaning leftist, that does not realise that, this this person, really is from a village called Mongo, near congo, and speaks Mongo, and banning this person is about the most insulting and racial discriminative thing one could possibly do.
Reported slavery
In the Republic of the Congo, where Pygmies make up 2% of the population, many Pygmies live as slaves to Bantu masters. The nation is deeply stratified between these two major ethnic groups. The pygmy slaves belong to their Bantu masters from birth in a relationship that the Bantus call a time-honored tradition. Even though the Pygmies are responsible for much of the hunting, fishing and manual labor in jungle villages, Pygmies and Bantus alike say that Pygmies are often paid at the master's whim: in cigarettes, used clothing, or simply not paid at all.
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Pygmy language centres
Discimination against pygmy peoples is not new.
Pygmy peoples, even recently, have been sent to live in zoo cages next to Lions and Tigers, and many people view Pygmy peoples, as Paleolithics.
Even in the USA, as early as 1907, they were viewed as a circus act, alongside animals.
Systematic discrimination
Historically, the pygmy have always been viewed as inferior by both colonial authorities and the village-dwelling Bantu tribes.[15] Pygmy children were sometimes captured during the period of the Congo Free State, which exported pygmy children to zoos throughout Europe, including the world's fair in the United States in 1907.[15]
Link for photo
Pygmy person in Bronx zoo cage 1906
Pepi II:
Even as far back as 2297 BC, a 13 year old Egyptian pharoah named Pepi II, took great delight in capturing a pygmy person, and bragged about to everyone in Egypt.
The Egytians begged him not to kill the pygmy person, but instead bring the Pygmy person back to Egypt.
Likely to be used for entertainment purposes.
Early years of Pepi II's reign
Sent to trade and collect ivory, ebony, and other precious items, he captured a pygmy. News of this reached the royal court, and an excited young king sent word back to Harkhuf that he would be greatly rewarded if the pygmy were brought back alive, where he would have likely served as an entertainer for the court.
Link for photo
But what do we learn from this?
We learn that modern humans from 300,000 BC had the potential to be extremely literate, intelligent, and that the idea that even Olduwan may have been an Ape, is simply misguided ancient discrimination and racism, and was genocided, quite simply because he was too stubborn to give up his traditions, and likely lacked physical build in order to stick up for himself against bigots that likely wrongfully viewed him as an illiterate fool.
However Pygmy peoples are regarded by Scientists, as modern humans.
And pygmy peoples, such as Iymeru, have been in even the highest positions of the ancient Egyptian empire.
Iymeru, was the second most powerful man in Egypt, during the 13th dynasty.
He was the Pharoahs vizier.
So much for Pepi II's circus act.
Iymeru was an ancient Egyptian vizier) in office during the 13th Dynasty.
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Indian pygmies:
However, there is a twist in the tale.
It appears more likley, that the magdalenian Pygmies, "were not" in fact the same pygmy peoples as todays Congo contingent, but in actual fact, were more likely Indian pygmies.
The African pygmies likely took the long way round the world, instead of going directly across the Gibraltar straits.
South east Asia
Frank Kingdon-Ward in the early 20th century reported a tribe of pygmy Tibeto-Burman speakers known as the Taron inhabiting the remote region of Mt. Hkakabo Razi in Southeast Asia on the border of China (Yunnan and Tibet), Burma, and India.
Link for photo
Indian Pygmy
The reason it was more likley Indian pygmies, than African pygmies, comes from the fact that there is plenty more evidence, which i will reveal later, of Indian descended people, having colonised Europe, and even America.
Not only this, one of the most common languages in todays world, is Indo-European.
Indo-European likley was a language that evolved over thousands of years, likely in stages, and likley due to pro-longed exposure to one anothers culture.
Indo-Aryan first arose in the Levant around the time of the ancient egyptian empire, when Indians and Aryans colonized lower egypt.
Indo-European evolved when Indo-Aryans invaded India during the battle of the ten kings in 1400 BC.
Though, it was likley that the Aryan language, already contained certain Indo components, by the time the colonized Egypt, and those were probably picked up from the Magdalenian period, when Aryans likely had to invade european mainland to escape the polar ice-caps, and integrated with Megdalenians.
Though, Indian genes in the northern hemisphere even pre-dated the Magdalenians, which i will cover later, so it is also likely, that when the Aryans invaded european mainland, and integrated with Magdalenians, their Aryan language already contained Indo components.
We can also see by the photo of the Philippino girl, how Anthropologists could mistake Cheddar man for being black.
This is due to the fact, that Indians, "are" descended from Africans, so, in a round about way, the Magdalenian "are" African pygmies, though not as directly as one would first think.
It is likley that the Magdalenian arrived in europe via India.
Though they likely made their escape, over the Gibraltar straits, the place were it all began.
Saudi Arabia:
Whilst it is actually likely, that modern day human was already living in Scandanavia, and even european mainland, as far back as 300,000 years ago, it is most probably that any evidence of this, was washed away during the younger dryas, when both Britain and Scandanavia, lay under polar ice-caps.
But the first "recorded" movement of modern day humans, comes from 75,000 years ago when Africans first entered the Arabian peninsula.
A 2011 study found that the first modern humans to spread east across Asia left Africa about 75,000 years ago across the Bab-el-Mandeb connecting the Horn of Africa and Arabia.[56]
Link for photo
Arabian expansion
Modern human, from the Arabian peninsula, arrived in India, sometime between 80,000 and 60,000 years ago.
"Modern human beings—Homo sapiens—originated in Africa. Then, intermittently, sometime between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, tiny groups of them began to enter the north-west of the Indian subcontinent.
Link for photo
As Israel was in Mesopotamia, Africans travelling to the Arabian peninsula, Indonesia, or anywhere else, would have no other option than to go through the Levant, making Israel one of the earliest populated areas by modern human.
120,000 years ago.
And almost definitely Black African.
The oldest fossils of anatomically modern humans found outside Africa are the Skhul and Qafzeh hominins, who lived in the area that is now northern Israel 120,000 years ago.[85]
Link for photo
Neanderthal man:
The best evidence of what Neanderthal man looked like, comes from very well preserved remains of Neanderthals found in Shanidar cave in Iraq.
The remains were thought to be from between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, and they do point to a slightly different culture sharing the lands of Mesopotamia, with Africans.
Iraq pre-history
During 1957–1961 Shanidar Cave was excavated by Ralph Solecki and his team from Columbia University, and nine skeletons of Neanderthal man of varying ages and states of preservation and completeness (labelled Shanidar I–IX) were discovered dating from 60,000–80,000 years BP.
Link for photo
Neanderthal man
Neanderthals got a bad rap.
There is no doubt Neanderthal was Asiatic.
And do you remember Pepi II? That wonderful African pharoah that delightfully hunted down a "pygmy" when he was a boy? Well, this African also took great delight in carrying on the honoured age old African tradition of "smiting" Asiatics.
Well racism and discrimination is actually quite prevalent within the ancient egyptian dynasties, and an ancient old traditional practise of native egyptians smiting inferior Asiatics, can be traced back to 3000 BC, during the reign of Den.
The depiction even included a "bearded" foe.
The picture shows Den in a gesture known as "smiting the enemy". In one hand Den holds a mace, in the other hand he grabs a foe by his hair. Thanks to the braids and the conic beard the foe has been identified as of Asian origin. The hieroglyphs at the right side say "first smiting of the east".
Link for photo
Smiting asiatics
Now, i am hoping i no longer have to go in to too much detail about how, in actual fact, Scientists now think Neanderthal man was likely literate, and actually extremely intelligent.
In fact, intelligent Africans "would not" interbreed with an idiot.
And Neanderthal man did breed with other humans in this area.
In fact, breeding with Neanderthal man, is likely where Africans gained a bit more bulk from, by breeding with a person that is derived from Northern sub grouos, that have grown to be a bit bulkier in bulk, in order to with stand the cold winters.
He also likely was 50/50 in providing the components that would later evolve in to the AfrAsian language, that is spoken by Semites, and Arabians, as well as some Africans, but nobody knows were it evolved from.
Neanderthal technology is thought to have been quite sophisticated.
Compared to modern humans, Neanderthals had a more robust) build and proportionally shorter limbs. These features are often explained as adaptations to conserve heat in a cold climate,
Neanderthal got cornered in Spain:
Now just like the previous two groups, Neanderthal, being from european mainland, and who still exists today, got cornered in Spain, by this new anatomically modern human-being.
Inter-group relations
Canadian ethnoarchaeologist Brian Hayden calculated a self-sustaining population which avoids inbreeding to consist of about 450–500 individuals, which would necessitate these bands to interact with 8–53 other bands, but more likely the more conservative estimate given low population density.[31] Analysis of the mtDNA of the Neanderthals of Cueva del Sidrón, Spain, showed that the adult three men belonged to the same maternal lineage, while the three adult women belonged to different ones. This suggests a patrilocal residence (that a woman moved out of her group to live with her husband).[233] However, the DNA of a Neanderthal from Denisova Cave, Russia, shows that she had an inbreeding coefficient of ​1⁄8 (her parents were either half-siblings with a common mother, double first cousins, an uncle and niece or aunt and nephew, or a grandfather and granddaughter or grandmother and grandson)[83] and the inhabitants of Cueva del Sidrón show several defects, which may have been caused by inbreeding or recessive disorders.[218]
Link for photo
Anatomically modern people:
Now, do you remember the Magdalenians from earlier in this post?
Well here is a photo of Anatomically modern people.
Early modern human
Early modern human (EMH) or anatomically modern human (AMH)[2] are terms used to distinguish Homo sapiens (the only extant human species) that are anatomically consistent with the range of phenotypes seen in contemporary humans from extinct archaic human species. This distinction is useful especially for times and regions where anatomically modern and archaic humans co-existed, for example, in Paleolithic Europe.
Link for photo
Early modern human
Neanderthal did not get wiped out:
The early modern human however, did not wipe Neanderthal out.
They shared european mainland with other literate human-beings.
Some of those human-beings, particularly the ones from Britain, that at this point in time, is just a part of Eurasia, probably looked more like this.

Western neanderthal
Now, Neanderthal not only spread out from Mesopotamia along European lines, and escaped via Spain, but also along Northern lines, before escaping in to Canada via the Bering land bridge, that was around at the time.
However, the remains are no longer considered to be that of Neadnerthal, but in fact, that of Denisovan, the ancestor of Australian aboriginals, as well as Inuits and Paleo-Indians in America, and others.
That Russia was also home to some of the last surviving Neanderthals was revealed by the discovery of the partial skeleton of a Neanderthal infant in Mezmaiskaya cave in Adygea, which was carbon dated to only 29,000 years ago.[6] In 2008, Russian archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of Novosibirsk, working at the site of Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains of Siberia, uncovered a 40,000-year-old small bone fragment from the fifth finger of a juvenile hominin, which DNA analysis revealed to be a previously unknown species of human, which was named the Denisova hominin.[7]
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Now, it is likely that Paleo-Indians lived in europe, relatively peacefully, with one another.
At least until the younger dryas, when blond haired blue eyed Aryans from Scandinavia had to invade European mainland.
It is likely what happened during this period, is Aryans became less friendly, and forced Anatomically modern humans to flee via Spain, go and live in the Northern regions and peripheries as Eskimos in Iglus, or go and breed with the current Indigenous peoples of America and Australia and update their DNA.
When the Ice-caps melted, Scandinavians likely returned to Scandinavia, and pushed the Sami people farther and farther north, until they could go no farther north, and to this day, there is a peoples in the most Northern regions of Scandanavia and Russia that regard themselves as the indigenous peoples of Scandinavia and Russia.
They are called the Sami peoples.
You have likley heard of them, without realising it.
They are Laplanders.
The place Santa Klaus is from.
Sami people
The Sámi people (/ˈsɑːmi/; also spelled Sami or Saami) are an indigenous Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula within the Murmansk Oblast of Russia. The Sámi have historically been known in English as Lapps or Laplanders. Sámi ancestral lands are not well-defined. Their traditional languages are the Sámi languages which are classified as a branch of the Uralic language family.
Link for photo
Sami peoples
Indigenous Americans:
The Indigenous colonisation of the Americas happened in two waves.
The first was between 57,000 BC and 17,000 BC.
However a Polar Ice wall prevented the first arrivals from prevailing any farther than Alaska.
Migrations in to the continents
Alaska was a glacial refugium because it had low snowfall, allowing a small population to exist. The Laurentide Ice Sheet covered most of North America, blocking nomadic inhabitants and confining them to Alaska (East Beringia) for thousands of years.[53]
Second wave:
Just as the Polar ice wall in Alaska was beginning to melt, and the ice-caps began shifting towards Britain and Scandinavia, the Aryans likely came down from the Northern lands, and many Paleo-Indians likely fleed across the melting Bering land bridge and got over just in time, to breed with Indigenous Alaskans, and populate the Americas.
Canada pre-history
The first inhabitants of North America are generally hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago.[23]
South America:
Obviously some Paleo-Indians made it over the Ice-wall prior to the second wave arriving, as archaeologists are of the belief that South America saw it's first arrivals around 16,500 BC.
Pre-columbian era
The earliest archaeological evidence from human settlement in South America comes from Monte Verde (possibly as early as 16,500 BCE).[11]
Until the arrival of the Spanish during the Columbian era, Paleo-Indians would have been pretty isolated, with not too much opportunity for evolving, so the 1500 AD perfectly intact mummified Inca sacrifice, would give a good clue as to what the Paleo-Indians that arrived 14,000 years ago, or even 57,000 years ago, looked like.
Link for photo
Inca sacrifice
The Australian aboriginals have a similar ancestry.
The fact that modern Australian aboriginals have the exact same ancestors as US Indigenous peoples, and were hunter gatherers when Aryans first arrived in Australia, despite making crossings on land bridges on two seperate sides of the globe, is pretty much suggestive that early modern anatomical Indonesians inhabited most of the globe, and were very much literate. And modern, and they in turn were likely descended from a mixture of Israeli Neanderthal and Afro pygmy persons.
Human habitation of the Australian continent is known to have begun at least 65,000 years ago,[45][46] with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia.[47] The Madjedbebe rock shelter in Arnhem Land is recognised as the oldest site showing the presence of humans in Australia.[48] The oldest human remains found are the Lake Mungo remains, which have been dated to around 41,000 years ago.[49]
At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies.[53
The Paleo-Indonesians even found their way to Greenland by 2500 BC.
Early Paleo eskimo cultures
In prehistoric times, Greenland was home to several successive Paleo-Eskimo cultures known today primarily through archaeological finds. The earliest entry of the Paleo-Eskimo into Greenland is thought to have occurred about 2500 BC.
And the photo just goes to show, the farther North you get, the whiter you get, as ones skin evolves to adapt to the cold.
And when you get even farther north, the redder you get.
Link to photo.jpg)
Greenlandic Inuit couple
But, the point is, that blond haired blue eyed Aryans almost definitely pre-dated the younger dryas, and they moved southward, and any trace of their previous existence was wiped out by one of humanities greatest ever Cataclysms when an entire sub-contentent, and an Island, was cut in half from manland europe.
All this happened between only 6500 and 11,000 BC.
The northward movements that have been attributed to the populating of Britain and Scandinavia, and the sudden appearance of white blue eyed people, was actually a "re-population", and they already lived in those lands previous to that.
They had lived and evolved in those lands, ever since Oldowan turned up in the Thames valley 1 million BC, and 1.5 million BC in Russia.
But until the younger dryas came and wiped any history of them out, they had no real reason to make any significant appearance on european mainland, were archaeological evidence would be preserved.
And that is why the first archaeological evidence of white man only appears after and during the Younger dryas.
However britain was likely not originally inhabited by pure Aryans.
Pure Aryans likely began colonising Britain only after the Northward migrations.
And even then. they likley shared the Island with Greekish looking people, as well as possibly even remnants of Indonesians, and the place likely got divided after Doggerland sank, and Scandinavians eventually began adding Britain to their North sea expansion.
Likely beginning around 3000 BC, with the invention of their Hjortspring boat.
Bronze age
Thousands of rock carvings from this period depict ships, and the large stone burial monuments known as stone ships, suggest that ships and seafaring played an important role in the culture at large. The depicted ships most likely represent sewn plank built canoes used for warfare, fishing and trade. These ship types may have their origin as far back as the neolithic period and they continue into the Pre-Roman Iron Age, as exemplified by the Hjortspring boat.[43]
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]

2020.08.16 17:24 Einstein2004113 Complete history of the post-Soviet states between 1945 and 1962

This post will be divided into the 4 regions, Russia, Western Siberia, Central Siberia and the Far East. Most of the dates given will be assumptions/approximations. Also if there is any error, please report it so I can change it ! I may also have forgotten some events, so suggestions are welcome

-After the defeat in WW2, general Voroshilov and other Soviet troops and commanders reorganized in the city of Kuibyshev (Samara) and formed the West Russian Revolutionnary front, encompassing all of the region of Russia in game + the Southern Urals and disputed territories in the A-A line. The city of Syktyvar (in Komi) became the capital of the Front.
-After the German economical crash in the 50's, the Front lauches a large offensive on Moscowien and the German possessions, making quick gains and completely shattering the German army. However, The West Siberian People's Republic of Kaganovich refuse to commit more troops for the war.
-Following the destruction of numerous units, the German government starts enrolling Russian collaborators, most importantly Andrey Vlasov and the monarchists of Vladimir Romanov
-Tensions in the front start to appear. After 40 days of offensive, after taking Voroshilovgrad (Stalingrad OTL/Paulusbourg in game) and sieging Moscow and Leningrad, the Front starts to collapse. The Russian collaborators also start making great advances into the Front territory.
-The Republic of Komi declares independence from the front, followed by separatists (Bashkiria, Tatarstan), independent units and generals cut off from the high command (Gorky - Averin) and simply opportunists (Aryan Brotherhood/Gayny)
-The Monarchists under Vladimir and the Russian Liberation Army under Vlasov secure a holdout and establish a governement around the cities of Vyatka and Samara respectively.
-The Front, with its army shattered, retreats to Arkhangelsk
The German bombing campaigns across Russia would destroy any attempt at unifying it. The people of this region would suffer the most brutal bombing, being only relieved and saved from total collapse by the Free Aviators
Western Siberia
-After the collapse of the Union, Lazar Kaganovich, an opponent to the regime of Bukharin, seized control of Western Siberia with the help of Konstantin Rokossovsky and Dmitry Karbyshev and declared the formation of the West Siberian People's Republic.
-However, the German bombing campaign and the relative inaction of Kaganovich (notably in the West Russian War) made his allies distance themselves from him.
-Karbyshev and his followers first formed the Russian Black League and took control of the city of Omsk
-Angered by the inaction of Kaganovich following the seizure of Omsk, Konstantin Rokossovsky decided to take control of the city of Sverdlovsk with the intent of restoring the Union himself
-With the most populous and industralized areas of the region divided, walords in the borderlands assumed control of their regions, namely Yugra, Vorkuta and Zlatoust (these regions seemed to be pretty out of the control of Kaganovich in the first place, the collapse of the Republic just made it effective)
-A prisoners rebellion in Vorkuta would lead to the creation of the Ural League, escaping the frozen north and marching to the South.
While the German bombing on this side of the Ural is not as violent as it is in Russia, thanks to the distance and the Free Aviators being closer, it still shatters any hope of unification for the moment
Central Siberia
This region is caracterized by its important industry, as the "Siberian plan" of Bukharin was focused on this area.
-After the collapse of the Union, the Soviet intelligentsia, musicians, writers, poets, thinkers gathered in the city of Tomsk and wrote a new democratic constitution, pleading to restore the freedom of thought and expression that was taken from them in the Soviet Era, and establish the Central Siberian Republic
-Alexandr Vasilevsky and remants of the Soviet Red Amry retreat into Mongolia and join forces with the troops of the Mongolian People's Republic. Isolated, they will not be able to participate in any conflict (West Russian War, collapse of the West Siberian People's Republic, Far Eastern War)
-The people around the Angara's basin around the city of Kansk start forming commitees and refuse to submit to the Republic, instead proclaiming their independence as the Siberian Anarchist Soviet.
-The Central Siberian Republic quickly find themselves at war with the Far Eastern government of Genrikh Yagoda, who claims to be the successor of the Soviet Union. The anarchists refuse to acknowledge the authority of any side and start fighting and defending against both.
-The rationning, conscription and other war measures starts angering Alexandr Pokryshkin, who, with the help of Vasily Shuksin, seize the city of Novosibirsk and declares independence from the Central Siberian Republic.
-General Nikolai Krylov is sent by the Republic to attack the anarchists. However, Nikolai Andreev and his clique of officers would end up mutinying against him and seizing the city of Krasnoyarsk, putting a term to the offensive
-Following the betrayal of Andreev, Krylov retreat into the city of Kemerovo and start falling into Madness, eventually proclaiming himself as Rurik II and taking control of the area.
Far East
-Genrikh Yagoda, a powerful and influential Soviet administrator, decides to evacuate most of the government to the East, far away from the Germans, establishing one of the most powerful Soviet successor states. However, his tyrannical rule would eventually weaken his government
-The Far Eastern state launch an attack against the Central Siberian Republic in hope of restoring the Soviet Union, sparking the Far Eastern War.
-Exhaustion from the war and from the tyrannical regime of Yagoda would lead to the eventual proclamation of independence of Aldan and Yakutia
-Seeing the weakness of the Presidium, White Army Generals, Russian Fascists and exiles from Harbin launch an assault against Yagoda's state. While encountering some early success, the offensive would be stalled because of the break up of this Front, as the "Heirs of Harbin" starts fighting between themselves
-Yagoda's state collapse completely, only retaining power in the city of Irkustk and the nearby region
-Valery Sablin and loyal troops under his command take control of a radio station and lauch a call to rebellion across Buryatia, sparking a war between the rebels under Sablin and the government of Yagoda
submitted by Einstein2004113 to TNOmod [link] [comments]

2020.07.19 01:35 Flamefang92 Kaiserreich Beta 0.13 - ‘A King and his Captain’

Continuing our pattern of smaller, more focused updates we are delighted to bring you the Romanian rework! Of course we haven’t been idle in other places; many other nations, notably Serbia, have received changes as well. In addition, we are very pleased to give you one of our greatest performance improvements to date as a result of our new division limit and our totally rewritten annexation decisions; details for both can be found below. We hope you enjoy this update!
- The KR4 team
New Systems
Division Limit:
A new mechanic has been added to all nations; the division limit. It represents the total number of divisions that a country can safely support. The AI will simply not build past this limit. Players can build past this limit, but they will be notified when they’re over it (via a flashing alert on their Recruit & Deploy tab) and will receive a malus that increases the more they go over that limit.
Other Notable Additions
Reworked/Expanded Focus Trees
New Events
New Decisions
New Custom Country Paths
New Game Rules
New portraits for:
Music Mod
Notable Fixes
Other Fixes
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it!
- The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Arvidus, Augenis, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Carmain, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Éloïse, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Fort, Gideones, JazzyHugh, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, Krco, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, Matoro, NukeGaming, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rylock, SPQR, Starguard, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zankoas and Zimbabwe Salt Co.
submitted by Flamefang92 to Kaiserreich [link] [comments]

2020.06.24 08:03 mygt_nskoil TOYOTA за 1500 р. Часть вторая. Явная подделка WS, T-IV, 5w30. ANTON_MYGT

Thanks to our friends in Novosibirsk. We bought two products for us from wheel counterfeiters - Toyota T-IV and Toyota WS.
I’m telling you how to identify a fake in five seconds.
What the Chinese have learned to do:
Wheels from the conveyor.
Grinding metal on the WS handle is perpendicular to the handle.

What the Chinese have not learned to do:
Gnarled weld.
The date on the packaging is palpable (on the original it is applied by a thermal printer and imperceptible).

How a fake gets into your city.

An empty metal container is purchased in China (it comes in boxes of 12 cans) with a print (printing) already applied.
Lids are also purchased in China.
The box "for the original" is made directly in your city at the corrugated packaging factory (for the factories "on the drum" what to print).
Next, buy a barrel low-cost gear oil - at best, it is Dexron II / III and with the help of laborers spills in any basement.
Let's roughly calculate the cost of one can:
Bank 100 p.
Cover 10r.
Box 30r.
Oil 300 r.
Work 50 p.

TOTAL: 490 p.
You are sold for 1500.

Than cherevato:
Automatic transmission overheating
Damage to the valve body.
and another 1000 and 1 consequence.
Should you take the risk and buy / sell this?
The reputation of the store / hundred is not bought.
submitted by mygt_nskoil to u/mygt_nskoil [link] [comments]

2020.05.18 08:15 JustMonarchy List of the Siberian Russian Leaders in TNO (Mongolia and Siberian Russia)

This is part of a series of posts
*Monarchs: Michael Andreevich Romanov (Mikhail II) (Emperor [Tsar] of Russia [Chita]) and Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov (Rurik II) (Emperor and Autocrat of all the Rus’ [Kemerovo])
Game Start: Yaba Konstantinovich Ioseliani (Chairman of Yugra), Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverevich) Rokossovsky (General Secretary of Sverdlovsk), Lazar Moiseyevich Kagonovich (Tyumen), Yevdokia Davidovna Bershanskaya (Leader of the Free Aviators), Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (President of Tomsk), Dmitry Mikhailovich Karbyshev (Leader of Omsk and the All-Russian Black League), Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin (President of Novosibirsk), Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov (Rurik II) (Emperor and Autocrat of all the Rus’ [Kemerovo]), Nikolai Trifiomovich Andreev (President of Krasnoyarsk), Siberian Soviet (Collective Government of the Siberian Black Army), Ivan Nikiforovich Zavoloko (President of Oyorotia), Genrikh Grigoryevich Yagoda (People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs of Irkutsk), Valery Mikhailovich Sablin (Chairman of Buryatia), Michael Andreevich Romanov (Mikhail II) (Emperor [Tsar] of Russia [Chita]), Gurzhap Vanyushkeevich Ochirov (Mayor of Aldan), Valentin Vasilyevich Pavlov (General Secretary of Yakutsk), Konstantin Vladimirovich Rodzaevsky (Leader of the Russian Fascist Party [disputed] and Amur), Mikhail Alexeevich Matkovsky (Leader of the Russian Fascist Party [disputed] and Magadan)
Possible Leaders: Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin (President of the Siberian Federation), Lazar Moiseyevich Kagonovich (General Secretary of the West Siberian People’s Republic), Dmitry Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (President of the Commonwealth of Siberia), Mikhail Alexeevich Matkovsky (President of the Siberian National Republic), Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov (Rurik II) (Grand Prince of Central Siberia, King of Siberia, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Rus’ [Kemerovo]), Yuriy (likely) Nikolaevich Krylov and Lydia (likely) Nikolaevna Krylova (possible successors to Rurik II), Dmitry Timofeyevich Yazov (Leader of Omsk)
*- The “Monarchs” section is based on information that can be proven or can be assumed with great certainty - “Leader” or [?] means Official Title or State (Country) Name is hard to guess and attribute or is unknown, or is too hard to read in leaked photos - This list leaves out many of the older sources on leaders because those are mostly out of date - This list leaves out many of the Northern Siberian Leaders because they are just Anarchic Communes - Many of the Leaders Titles are assumptions and not canon - This list is subject to change
submitted by JustMonarchy to TNOmod [link] [comments]

2020.04.04 12:41 Rocknocker OBLIGATORY FILLER MATERIAL – Just take a hard left at Daeseong-dong…1

“ROCK!?! Can you please answer your damned sat phone? It’s those two goofy characters from the Agency again.” Esme calls to me from the kitchen.
“Yes, dear”, I reply wearily. I set down my cigar and drink. I really don’t want to talk with anyone right now.
It’s been an absolute clusterfuck around these parts with that Cheap Mexican Beer Virus.
Plus the alarm, panic, and the general lack of anything that could be considered scientific acumen by the locals, eastern ex-pats, or the majority of the western ex-pats. Airports shut down. Cab service not available. Stores victims of panic shopping.
Asswipe is totally unavailable. Asswipes abound though. Curious.
Hell, I want this kind of crap, I’ll move back to Houston during hurricane season.
Then there’s the ‘Ministry-of-medicine-we-learned-from-Dr. Nick Riviera’.
“Social distancing.” What a jolly joke.
Queueing here is more like piglets vying for a teat.
Viruses can’t survive over a meter in the open air?
“Depending on the material and the conditions, human coronaviruses can remain infectious from 2 hours to 9 days: “Human coronaviruses can remain infectious on inanimate surfaces at room temperature for up to 9 days. At a temperature of 30°C [86°F] or more, the duration of persistence is shorter.” [Epidemiology and Infectious Medicine Quarterly, Q1, 2020].”
Also, the airborne spread has not been reported for HCoV-19 (SARS-2) and it is not believed to be a major driver of transmission based on available evidence.
That mask you’re wearing does bupkiss for preventing COVID-19. It’s not transmitted via aerosol.
“Social distancing?”
My dimpled ass.
Unless you institute total quarantine, complete bubblewrapification, it’s going to get around.
Wash your grubby fucking mitts, don’t GAK on others, stop sucking your fingers, and carry on. No need to shut society down. Maybe just a little injection of common sense?
Everyone’s wearing medical masks. Everyone’s wearing latex gloves. Everyone’s duct-taping their clothing closed at the wrists and ankles.
Well, almost everyone. Esme and I are not.
You see, Esme and I have actively functioning brains and immune systems.
Sure. We had the Middle Eastern Annual Upper Respiratory Crud; plus we’re ‘high risk’ being both diabetic and cardiac patients.
Shit. According to the local ill-informed medicos, we should be looking into what plots in which we’d like to eternally nap.
It’s an annual bonus living here in the scheisse bowl that is the Middle East. There are more nationalities coming and going here in one spring or fall season than what is seen for an entire year at most stateside international airports.
With the madding, unwashed crowds comes a Robert Bakker-esque batch of foreign germs, viruses, crud, filth, and novel microorganisms.
It’s actually a biannual thing, when people leave on holiday and when they return. They bring back all their home-boy bugs and share them with everyone else. It’s actually a well-documented phenomenon.
So, I’m not going to get into the idiocy that is the geopolitical ridiculosity of trying to legislate contagion control through hand washing, staying home, and hand wringing over some Yanni-come-lately bug.
Truth be told, yes, of course, it is sadly responsible for killing a number of people, and its genesis as a probable zoonotic virus makes it an interesting study.
However, this fucking bug will burn itself out as do all other infectious contagions and be relegated to the “Hey. Do you remember back to that 2020 idiocy where global governments were trying to teach its citizens how to wash their fucking hands?”
OK, so maybe you think I’m wrong. I’m a scientific curmudgeon, so, yeah, that’s a common reaction.
Think “bell curve”.
World population (2020): 7,775,446,040 (est.)
Corona cases worldwide: 1,118,603
Global deaths: 59,226 (Very much an estimate. Deaths due to complications of existing conditions? Unknown.)
Percentage of world population dead from COVID-19: 0.00076%. Seventy-six one hundred thousandths of a percent.
Percentage of COVID-19 infections which are lethal: 0.5-1.0%.
You have a greater chance of dying from a shark attack during a thunderstorm while being hit by lightning while falling off a cliff.
Now, as a little comparative Gedankenexperiment: remember the Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918?
How long was spent in your Social Studies or History class on this little viral foofaraw?
The number of deaths were estimated to be at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 occurring in the United States. Yet, I’ll wager a tall frosty can of my best cold beer that in public school it was hardly mentioned.
It was noted that it was ‘bad’. It was noted that it came right after WWI. And teaching continued immediately with the Roaring 20s.
Cheap Mexican Beer Virus and all its evils will be responsible for many deaths. That is disheartening and very unfortunate. So is ignorance, greed, and idolatry. Let’s legislate against those and see how well that works…
Sorry about the rant. This global idiocy is costing me some serious contracts.
Anyways, back to reality.
“Что?” I bark into the phone.
“Good day, Doctor.” Agent Rack replies, “Glad to see you’re in a good mood today.”
“Ох, черт возьми, ведра.” [“Oh, fuckbuckets…”] I groan, “Hello, Agents Rack and Ruin. How are you doing today with all this Dos Equis Virus business?”
“We are fine, Doctor”, Agent Rack replies, “We’re government agents. We already had our inoculations.”
“Well, that’s a fine fucking how do you do!”, I thundered, “You get jabs to ward off the crud and all we get a fucking phone call. “
“Doctor”, Agent Rack relates, “These are experimental vaccinations. However, I’m certain if you and your lovely wife would like to take part in the program, we could…”
“OK, gotcha.”, I noted, “Nah, not this time. We’ll just let our white blood cells work out on their own. So, what can I do for you?”
“Ah, Doctor”, Agent Rack relates “This is why we so like calling and talking with you. Right through the bullshit and right down to business.”
“Indeed”, I snort back, “So, what’s it this time?”
“Doctor”, Agent Rack hesitates, “There has been talk at high levels regarding the current oil crisis and what Russia and Saudi Arabia are doing to the global oil industry.”
“Yeah, they’re fucking it up for everyone”, I reply, “Cutting off their noses to spite their faces. In the meantime, millions if not billions, suffer. Cheaper gas! For a bit, but that won’t last if either one manages to fucker the other. This is but the tip of the iceberg that preparing to descend upon us. No one knows what’s going to happen, even me. But, I can guarantee you, it’s not going to be pretty or fun. It’s going to be a global bloodbath before it’s all over. And if you think your Ecoweenie electrics are going to make any difference, where are you going to get the diesel fuel to power the heavy equipment needed to mine the lead, lithium and other metals for your batteries?”
“Rant over, Doctor?” Agent Rack snickers.
“Rant over?” I ask, incredulously, “I have yet to begin to rant. Thinks that’s fun? Just wait until all the virus-whackos crawl out of their bubble wrap and Purcell sleeping bags. The viral world is going to have a fucking field day on all those billions of compromised immune systems…”
“Let me pause you right there, Doctor.”, Agent Ruin cuts in, “We have a proposition for you. Would you care to listen?”
“Ah. Agent Ruin. Good day”, I say, “OK, OK, I’ll make nice. What do you have for me now?”
“You have done exploratory work in the Orient, is that not correct?” Agent Ruin asks.
“OK, Ruin; now you’re just being dramatic. You have my full dossier. You know full well I‘ve worked in Japan, China, Mongolia, Korea…” I say.
“Ah. Precisely.” Agent Ruin stops me. “Which Korea?”
“Oh, bother.” I exhale loudly, “South Korea. Where else? North Kore…oh, no. You’re not…”
“Yes”, Agent Ruin relates, “We would like you to venture to the ‘Democratic People's Republic of Korea’ as part of a scientific team investigating the possibility of oil and gas reserves there.”
“Best Korea?”, I ask, “OK, I’ll bite. Who? What? And why?”
“’ Who’ is the United Nations and their ‘Oil for Development Program’. Also the IUPGS. They were the ones instrumental in all this. ‘What’ is to review the geology of the northern half of the Korean peninsula. It seems that their own geoscientists there are coming up short, being so scientifically and socially insulated for all these years. Since they have seen no direct evidence of oil nor gas, they’ve concluded that such does not exist there.” Agent Ruin explicates.
“I’ve seen this syndrome before.” I nod in agreement, not recalling that I’m not on a videophone, “In Russia in the early days. In China. In Mongolia. They were so inward-looking, they had no other examples to even consider as potential analogies. OK, that makes perfect sense. Now for the biggie: why? More precisely, why me?”
“Well, Doctor”, Agent Rack is back on the line, “Let us just say that you are preceded by your reputation. You were mentioned directly by name by several ministers of oil and gas ministries of several countries. In fact, your longtime friendship with the head of SNIGGIMS (the Siberian Institute of Geology, Mining, and Mineral Resources) in Novosibirsk was the one that rather cemented the call.”
“Remind me to do something nasty for Yevgeny next time I see him”, I snicker.
“Yes. Anyways”, Agent Rack continues, “We have obtained for you a worker’s, touring scientist, and exempted individual’s visa for this country. In fact, they have been obtained for all team members. It was not easy, especially for you, considering your past history; that is, your extreme global travels. These people are very, very nationalistic and xenophobic. They are extremely wary of outsiders; to the point of obsession. An outsider like yourself, I’ll wager, once you arrive, will give them apoplectic fits of paranoia. Therefore, with your education, experience, and innate ability to drive people fucking crazy as well; we thought you’d be perfect for the task.”
As I’m snickering over the left-handed compliment, I have to agree, it is most enticing.
“And who will be the others making up the team you mentioned?” I asked.
“There are several from around the globe. I will send you a list once we have your assurance that you’ll be attending this little function.” Agent Rack reminds me. “You have academic and industry seniority, though, I would expect you to be seen as the team leader.”
“Fuckin’ A, Bubba”, I smile into the phone. “Price of poker’s just gone up.”
“Yes, quite.”, Agent Rack replies.
“OK, I’m interested,”, I say, Now, before I sign on the dotted line, two things: JD [job description] and compensation, not necessarily in that order.”
“Of course,” Agent Rack replies, “Check your Email for both. Call us soon when you decide. Good day, Doctor.”
“Yeah, adios comrade-ski”, I say, hang up the phone and wander upstairs to my workstation.
As I wander towards the stairs. I poke my head into the kitchen where Esme is busy pickling stuff for later. Homemade sauerkraut, giant Kosher garlic dills, and icky, in my opinion, Bread-n-Butter pickles.
Plus, pizza dough. Make it, freeze it. Thaw when needed, let rise and top, cook in a wood-fired stove.
After admiring her handiwork, I pipe up and ask: “Hey, dear. Wanna go to Best Korea with me?” I ask.
Without a moment’s hesitation, “Nope. I figured it’d be someplace fun when R&R (her pet name for our favorite agents) called.” She said.
“Can I go and play with the funny Commies?” I asked.
“How long and when?” she asks.
“Dunno.” I reply, “Soon. Rack and Ruin sent me the JD and compensation package. Hell, anything to get out of here for a while. Sure you don’t want to go to Tokyo and visit Yuguchi? Or Ulaanbaatar and visit Bayarmaa? Beats the hell out of rattling around here by your own self alone.”
“And miss the chance to sleep in late? Watch what I want on the box? Not have to cook something fresh and exciting thrice daily?” She smirks.
“Hey, be nice”, I note, “I do a lot of the cooking and all of the shopping.”
“Oh, I know.”, Es sighs, “Just being stuck here and missing the girls. Maybe I could get on a plane to the states?”
“Sure, why not?” I reply, “I’ll make that part of my package. Biz class for you to what, Chi-town? Brew City? You name it. I’ll make it happen.”
“Oh, Rock!”, Esme gushes, as she hugs me and now I smell like a New York deli, “That would make me very happy to see my mother and the girls.”
“Consider it done,” I respond. “Courtesy of my Red Passport and connections with the Agency.”
We embrace a bit more, kiss and Es goes back to smashing garlic. I repair upstairs to see what the new job entails.
I power up my workstation, all 28 terabytes of deep scientific data and generic stuff.
I whack thrice upon the secret key.
“Good morning, Rock”, my computer greets me. “How can I help you?”
“’ Morning, Sindy. Pull up my Gmail, please.” I ask nicely.
Yeah. I know. Call me an old sentimentalist.
My Email pops up and there it is, an encrypted and hefty email from my agency buddies.
I go through the flips and twists necessary to decrypt their communiques. After a few minutes, I’m puffing a new cigar, sipping a new Greenland Coffee, and goggling over what the hell I’m supposed to be doing for the next few weeks.
“Holy shit”, I snicker, “This could be some fun…”
I’m off on the road to Best Korea.
I certainly do get around…
The main upshot is that there hasn’t been any serious geological reconnaissance of Best Korea since before the 1950s. In fact, the northern part of the Korean peninsula was sort of ignored as the geological expeditions pre-“Korean Conflict” centered on what was to become South Korea, China and to a smaller extent, southern Russia.
As usual, “Best Korea” was odd man out.
OK, before I continue, there’s going to be a lot of background I have to relate before any of this makes any sense. There’s going to be some historical geology, historical exploratory history, which is historically most historic. Plus some chronological historical background how I, a fully-fledged American, somehow finagled a way both into and out of the worker’s paradise known as the ‘Democratic People's Republic of Korea’.
Right. With that being sorted, we need to look to the past and what had transpired in Best Korea after the shooting stopped, Hawkeye and BJ sobered up, and everyone was hunkered down behind their particular chunk of the 38th parallel.
The first known organized effort to explore for oil and gas reserves in North Korea occurred during 1965, when North Korea established a “bureau for the management of geological survey for fuel resources” and, with Chinese assistance, conducted initial geophysical surveys and exploratory drilling in the western (Sukchon-gun) and northeastern (Kilchu-gun and Myongchon-gun) sections of the country. In 1967, North Korea conducted a joint geological study with Soviet geologists in the Tumen estuary area using drilling equipment acquired from Romania. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
In 1976, a group of North Korean specialists traveled to the Soviet Union to examine an oil platform in the Caspian Sea, learn the basics of offshore drilling operations and acquire associated technology and equipment. Attending this, North Korea established two oil and gas exploration organizations: the Taedong-gang Survey Group (for offshore exploration) and the Tumen-gang Survey Group (for onshore exploration). Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Nationwide Exploration began in earnest in the 1980s. These efforts were enlarged during 1981 when the Geophysical Company of Norway (GECO A/S) was signed to a four-year contract to conduct a joint seismic survey of several exploratory blocks. While this initial four-year effort showed grievously inconsistent results, the Tumengang Survey Group did identify oil shows at a drilling site in Sukchon-gun. The small size of this reserve and its characteristics made it uneconomical to pursue but provided cold comfort. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
During the mid- to later 1980ss, North Korea purchased a clapped-out 14,000-ton drilling platform from a Singaporean company and used it to drill additional exploratory wells in the Korea Bay. Additional offshore exploration took place in the Donghae (East Sea) Basin off the east coast port of Wonsan. On land, exploratory wells were drilled in the Paektu-san, Kilchu-gun and Myongchon-gun areas. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
In 1986, North Korea and the Soviet Union signed a treaty delineating their economic sea zones and borders, and the nations agreed to the joint development of the nearshore and continental shelves. While indications of oil deposits were identified off Hungnam, real progress was never achieved. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Australia’s Meridian Oil NL made calculated, though in retrospect, stupid, decisions to acquire an exploration license in the Sohae Basin (West Sea or Korea Bay Basin) during 1987. These drilling rights were reportedly the first to be granted to a foreign company by North Korea. Accompanying this move, Great Britain’s Leeward Petroleum Ltd. was awarded a contract to undertake additional survey work to supplement that done earlier by GECO. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
By the end of the 1980s, North Korea had drilled about 15 wells on both sides of the peninsula (located both onshore and offshore), conducted preliminary geophysical surveys of a number of likely oil and gas producing basins, and drill exploratory wells in the Sohae Basin. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
North Korea entered the 1990s determined to aggressively pursue foreign investment and assistance for oil and gas exploration and the country was in famine and disintegrating. However, they were concerned over North Korean laws, uncertain of the profitability of such efforts and apprehensive of negative reactions from the international community. North Korea sought to counteract some of these concerns by issuing statements and publishing data to indicate that foreign oil companies with technical assistance from Romania and China had identified vast oil reserves both in the waters off Sinuiju on the west coast and Wonsan on the east coast. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Complementing these west coast efforts, North Korea also sought to secure investment and partners to continue oil and gas exploration off the east coast in the Tonghae Basin and on land in the Kilchu-Myongchon Basin. In an effort to calm foreign investor’s concerns over developing disputes with China, North Korea noted that “…although we are in a dispute with China over oilfields, it is over now.” While these assertions were inaccurate, it indicated the importance North Korea had placed upon attracting foreign investment. Building upon this to more easily attract foreign investment, the General Department of Oil Exploration was upgraded to the Ministry of Petroleum Industry in 1993. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
During early 1996, the political atmosphere within Russia was right for the country to sign a protocol with North Korea that, among other things, provided for Russian assistance in exploring North Korean oil reserves. This arrangement reportedly constituted the first significant economic and scientific aid provided to North Korea since the collapse and implosion of the Soviet Union. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Later in 1998, the Hyundai Group discussed numerous economic development projects, including the exploration for oil in the Korea Bay and East Sea. While a number of the projects discussed would ultimately see some small fruition and some low degree of success, efforts at oil exploration failed to produce tangible results. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Desperate to prove the viability of its oil reserves and attract foreign investment, North Korea’s own Korea Oil Exploration Company (KOEC) signed an agreement with Global Geo-Services during 2003 to conduct a large seismic survey, known as “Korean Dragon,” to cover the entire offshore of the country. Results of that survey had Chinese sources in 2005 sign an agreement with North Korea to jointly explore and develop oil fields in the Korea Bay. Repeated efforts towards this objective have been delayed in the past due to disagreements over sea boundary disputes between the two nations. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
During early 2010, Aminex and Singapore-based Chosun Energy formed a Company, Korex Ltd., to reprocess existing seismic data and explore for gas and oil in North Korea. Subsequently, during May, Korex Ltd. succeeded in signing a production sharing contract for a 50,000 km squared block in the Tonghae Basin. Two years later, in 2012, Aminex announced that it had decided to withdraw from exploration in North Korea due to the volatile and unpredictable politics of the area. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
In June 2013, Mongolia’s HBOil JSC purchased a 20 percent stake in North Korea’s Sungri Chemical Complex for $10 million and signed an agreement to explore inland crude oil deposits and gas fields in the Rajin-Sonbong area on the northeast coast in cooperation with KOEC. Neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
As of 2020, North Korea is continuing to work with several small foreign firms to acquire seismic data and to ascertain whether it is sitting on top of economically viable oil and gas reserves. Thus far, neither of these efforts achieved meaningful results.
Well, that’s the history, in a nutshell, of the North Korean efforts of exploring for and producing their own oil and gas. Basically, they really didn’t have a clue as to what the hell they were doing, didn’t know how to proceed with geological exploration in wildcat regions, nor how to entice and retain foreign investment when you have nothing more than a faint flatus of gas and a slight skim of oil to sell.
Yep. Someone was hip to this scene and actually called in the “Motherfucking Pro from Dover” as the fixer.
I was selected to be among a number of world-class oil and gas types, geologists, reservoir engineers, geophysicists, and even a barmy petrophysicist to go into Best Korea. I was to be the team leader to gather every bleedin’ bit of geological-geophysical-petrophysical-geochemical-geomechanical-and geotechnical data that existed.
“Stomp on some toes”, I was told in the JD [Job Description]. “But try not to mess up the shine”. They said. “This is not a job for the meek. You need to go in and diplomatically show these people how it’s done. You have as much authority as you desire. But, you are responsible for wielding this authority in a Communist, paranoid, and xenophobic country.”
“Damn, Billy Bob”, or whoever wrote this prospectus, “Trying to make me feel homesick”?
“But remember,”, the JD continued, “You are a scientific ambassador. You will be expected to comport yourself as such.”
“Oh, come the fuck on!”, I snorted in my Greenland coffee. “They know me after all these years and programs and still this bullshit appears in the JD?”
I laughed loud and long about that. They want my expertise, education, and experience?
Then they get the whole package; warts, keloids, scars, and all.
Hell, the more I read about the job description, the more I think that this is going to be a real fucking hoot with potential for high hilarity to actually ensue.
OK. In a nutshell, Clancy:
I’m leading an international team of petroleum scientists, seniors all, to Best Korea to:
• Gather and document every bit of petroleum exploratory geological-geophysical data that exists.
• Catalog this data; as to type, vintage and extent.
• Appraise this data as to efficacy or value.
• Evaluate the surficial geology of the country to see if it adds anything to the petroleum exploration picture.
• Decipher the geopolitical makeup of the country’s oil and gas ministries. Who, what, where, etc.
• Make contacts/friends/acquaintances of the geoscientists, ministers, and anyone with a key to the pub or a cigar store.
• Appraise the current data, and make suggestions as to needed infill data.
• Make an evaluation as to the possibility of economic deposits of oil and gas in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.
• Perform Risk Analysis and Economic Evaluations if economic of oil and gas do in reality exist in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.
• Sif successful, suggest companies, project scope and financial particulars of projects concerning these economic deposits of oil and gas if they exist.
• Create/delineate dossiers on any local I meet.
• Try to keep myself and my team out of jail or the noose.
It sounds like a stroll in the park. Travel. Sightseeing. Danger. Thrills. Visiting hitherto forbidden lands. Wielding hammers in the wilds of one of the last overtly Communist places on Earth. With exciting overtones of skullduggery, personal endangerment, imprisonment, mayhem, explosives, destruction, and the opportunity to tour a closed-to-the-west distillery and brewery.
How could I, in good conscience, say no?
OK, Agents Rack and Ruin, I’m in.
But first, my contract.
“Yes, Herr Comrade Agent, it’s the usual. Yep. Take or pay. Yep. Door to door. Total conveyance, with medical Evac back-up. Nope. Non-negotiable. Full insurance against any untoward events. Total pre-payment for visas, tourist cards, tours, conveyance, cigars, room, and board. Full bonding and indemnituer against Force Majeure. Be it insurrection, war, flood, or bad dates, I get paid triple; job completed or not. Right? Great. Oh, you like that? Wonderfulness. You’ll love this: full access to the Swedish Embassy while in-country, as the US doesn’t have one there? De facto, and ad hoc Swedish citizenship while traveling? OK, so far, so good. Business-class flights or better? Of course. My day rate?”
I had to hold the phone away from my ear.
I already suffer from tinnitus, I didn’t need Agent Rack’s exclamations to add to that malady. Still, I can’t believe I slid my cigars through on the contract unscathed.
After he simmers down and accepts my terms, I ask for the key to unlock the file of my team members.
Things are kicking into high gear. I am to vet the list of individuals slated to be my team members and make a preliminary itinerary for the trip to Best Korea.
“OK,” I tell Agent Rack, “How will we get there? I know we’re going to fly but to where? Beijing? Seoul? Tokyo?”
“Seoul? OK. Then overland to some 50 kilometers to Daeseong-dong and the DMZ.” I reply.
“OK, then what?” I ask.
“WHAT? WALK?” I gasp, “Surely you jest.”
“No, I don’t, and I’m not going to make that old joke”, Agent Rack replies, “Because of reasons, you and your entourage are not allowed to arrive to Pyongyang by train; besides it’s a 24-hour trip. You will arrive in Daeseong-dong and with your gear, walk across the DMZ to be greeted by your ‘handlers’ from the geology ministry of the DPRK.”
“OK, forget trains. 24 hours on a Chinese train sound like less fun than one could handle, and I’ve done the 13-day Trans-Siberian Moscow-Beijing trip.” I reply, “But I’ve got a shitload of scientific gear that I’m taking. How about we just all meet in Seoul or Beijing and fly into Pyongyang?”
To be continued…
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2020.03.23 07:58 Diotoiren [CONFLICT] WAR PLAN - FATE (3/4)


Part of the People's Federation of Canada's - WAR PLAN - 14
Approved by the National Champion - Elizabeth "WEEABOO" May
Approved by the Director of the Armed Forces - Felix Moraine
In cooperation with the United Commonwealth Realms
Note all operations are occurring concurrently
Situation: With the Commonwealth Air Force and Navy alongside the Canadian Navy prepared and ready to strike against the Unity in addition to ongoing Chinese and Japanese strikes against the Unity Techno-plague, it has proven time to act in a first strike against Unity Naval Assets.
Therefore the Commonwealth War Armada has been tasked in establishing the total destruction of Unity Naval Assets - augmented and supported by the smaller Canadian Navy wherever possible. They will also be working in tandem with Commonwealth/Canadian Air Force assets under OP - DARK ANGEL and subsequent operations EXTERMINATION and FREEDOM to ensure total control of the skies and seas.
Importance is being placed on total control over the Barents/Kara Sea in the Russian Siberia and the Sea of Okhotsk in the Pacific Siberia region. Therefore Canadian UUV assets alongside existing Commonwealth Asssets will be utilized - basing out of the UK, Japan, and a variety of other bases in order to ensure constant supply of logistics. For the time being - the Commonwealth has been permitted access to Arctic Logistical Supply Bases operated by Canada should it be necessary.
Involved Units
The 1st Commonwealth Armada (Pacific)
Including Submarine Escorts
The 2nd Commonwealth Armada (Atlantic)
Including Submarine Escorts
The Canadian Pacific Fleet
Including Submarine Escorts
The Canadian Atlantic Fleet
Including Submarine Escorts
Operational Review: The Commonwealth and Canadian Navies will be launching a sweeping series of strikes alongside the Pacific Republic against the Unity Techno-plague. These strikes will seek to establish naval superiority over the entire Theater of War while augmenting Air Superiority operations.
The use of UUV vessels will be extremely important in dealing with the large-in-quantity but lesser quality Soviet Era Submarine Fleets, furthermore in working alongside Japan, China, and the Pacific Republic - it will effectively ensure that we maintain parity in numbers and superiority in quality.
The Canadian and Commonwealth Navies in tandem with Chinese, Japanese, and Pacific Republic allies will be launching a unified joint first-strike against Unity navies trapped in the Barents Sea Ports and Vladivostok Ports. With Commonwealth and Canadian Vessels in direct striking range of both the Vladivostok Naval Bases and Murmansk Bases and with the Unity having never put them to see due to this, the Commonwealth joined by increasing numbers of submarines and Canadian Support will begin the ultimate death blow.
The Vladivostok Raid will begin alongside Japanese and Chinese bombardment - timed to occur in tandem with bombing runs as part of OP - DARK ANGEL. The two Commonwealth Carrier Groups will begin the targeting Unity vessels still in port, meanwhile the other two Commonwealth CSGs will move into the Sea of Okhotsk under cover from Japan, China, and aircraft flying out of Alaska. They will rest and remain on high alert status within the Sea of Okhotsk supporting the Japanese attacks on Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, and the Sakhalin/Kuril Islands. Further once the Vladivostok Fleet has been dealt with, the remaining two CSGs will move into the Sea of Okhostok running submarine-hunting operations alongside the vast majority of Commonwealth-Canadian Submarines and UUVs within the Pacific Region. The Vladivostok Raid will pave the way for the Big Friendly Giant vessels landing near Magadan as part of OP - LONG MARCH. As the BFGs do not move into position until the Sea and air are within the Control of the Coalition - it will be paramount that all efforts are focused on ensuring the safe landing of the BFGs who will be escorted by surface fleet vessels and Taiho class submarines.
Clarence Shipping Company Vessels sailing from Anchorage will also be dropping 500,000 Whaitiri Class Multi-purpose Drones within the waters of the Okhostok Sea and another 200,000 within the area leading towards the Bering Strait from Unity lands. This should effectively prevent any future Unity naval operations within our desired areas of control. The 4 Hydra Class Submarines within the region will also be launching their full payloads (936 missiles total) at the fleet in port in Vladivostok.
Meanwhile Canadian Submarines alongside Commonwealth Taiho-Class Submarines and Astute Class Submarines will enter the Sea of Okhostok on hunter-killer missions to begin the elimination of enemy submarines. As the Whaitiri Class MPDs are capable of registering friendly/non-friendly vessels - friendly fire will not be a concern as Commonwealth, Japanese, Chinese, Pacific Republic, and Canadian vessels have been registered pre-operation.
Furthermore in the unlikely circumstance that the Unity has managed to vacate Vladivostok or the sea of Okhostok - bypassing over 4 CSGs/multiple Submarine Wolf Packs - then Coalition Vessels will focus on ensuring the safety of landing for the OP - LONG MARCH forces in the BFGs. Additionally atleast 3 CSGs will be assigned to escort the BFGs to land alongside air superiority and submarine escorts - regardless.
Following the elimination of Unity forces - all Coalition Vessels will operate to ensure naval superiority over the Arctic/Pacific coastline-range and ensure the security of logistical support to China and Japan. Additionally the Canadian Pacific Fleet will be involved in assisting OP - LONE DARK.more-to-come
Should Status-6 or other like-vessels such as SSBNs somehow breakthrough the Noose - then Taiho Class Submarine groups alongside their UUV supports will immediately sail towards Australia/Canada to partake in [OP - GUARDIANS OF TH SEA]()
The Murmansk Raid will likewise be conducted by 4 CSGs (Commonwealth) in conjunction with Commonwealth Submarines and Canadian Submarines - meanwhile the Canadian Atlantic Fleet will take up operations to ensure security of transit across the North Atlantic. Strikes from surface fleets and submarines will see a continual salvo against the Barents Sea Fleet which is based in the Murmansk area. Commonwealth CSGs will also be buying time for the Clarence Shipping Company's arctic vessels to drop 300,000 Whaitiri Drone Mines within the Barents Sea/Kara Sea area close to suspected operational "flee" points for Unity Submarines. Once again the drones have been programmed to recognize friendly assets. At this same time - Canadian and Commonwealth Submarines and UUVs will begin the total assault on Unity Vessels which have been boxed in the Murmansk area. The CSGs operating here will work closely with the Pacific Republic who is expected to be dropping a low-grade nuclear warhead within the Murmansk Fleet itself - so operations will work to assist and build upon the destruction.
Furthermore Murmansk Raiding Forces will be conducting security for forces operating as part of [OP - LONE DARK]() in order to ensure naval security upon the approach. Several Kingdom Class Cruisers and Earldom Class Frigates have also been assigned to level a constant bombardment against the targets in OP - LONE DARK. Otherwise the Murmansk Raid after successfully handling the majority of Unity Naval Vessels - will begin the continual bombardment of Unity Military Infrastructure utilizing cruise missiles and other munitions including White Phosphorous warheads. Priority targets are being placed on critical infrastructure to Unity operational capabilities.
Should Status-6 or other like-vessels such as SSBNs somehow breakthrough the Noose - then Taiho Class Submarine groups alongside their UUV supports will immediately sail towards Australia/Canada to partake in [OP - GUARDIANS OF TH SEA]()
White Rain Salvos from the Hydra Submarines situated in the Arctic ocean will launch continual salvos against known Unity Bases housing missile/anti-air forces. However as the Ukrainian War of Aggression showcased, a direct negative for targeting the physical anti-air units - we will instead target the command facilities for the units. While the Hivemind may be able to muster some response, the complete destruction of Unity command infrastructure beyond known bunkers will serve to eliminate a vast majority of Unity effectiveness. The total number of Hydra Submarines which rests at 7 between Canada/the Commonwealth will be able to launch salvos of 1,600+ cruise missiles per collective salvo before resupplying in Canadian Arctic Bases or Commonwealth UK Bases. These constant cruise missiles salvos utilizing a mixture of warheads with bunker-busting capabilities and conventional warheads will ensure the destruction of Unity command infrastructure. The goal is to ensure an easy method of advance through Western Russia - and the cutting off of command capabilities between the Far East and West Russia.
The East Siberian Sea Raids will be conducted by the Canadian Pacific Fleet and will strictly be providing security to operations under [OP - LONE DARK/OP - H&R](). They will be protecting Canadian Icebreaker Fleets and running defense for the air-bases captured under LONE DARK. While simultaneously providing instantaneous striking capabilities against Unity Settlements as called in by OP H&R. Note that munition management under OP - EXTERMINATION continues to apply.
Commonwealth SSBN fleets will all be put to sea within the Atlantic Ocean and away from potential combat zones. They will prepare targets that will not be in immediate reach of Coalition Forces - including Moscow, Volgograd, Krasnodar, Kharkiv, Voronezh, Saratov, Samara, Omsk, Novosibirisk.
They will fire should detection of mass launches against the Commonwealth occur.
The Clarence Shipping Company and the Commonwealth Merchant Marine will be tasked with continually resupplying all operations. They will sail from Canada and Australia primarily - delivering supplies to airbases, ocean groups, and the fronts themselves when it is safe to do so.


Murmansk Totals Notes
Leviathan Class Carrier 2 36x Fixed Wing F-35C's and 40 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 4 Helicopters (2 AEW, 2 ASW)
Britannia Class Supercarrier 2 92 Combat Aircraft each, 40 Swordfish, 54 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 8 Helicopters (6 ASW 2 AEW
Kingdom Class Cruiser 6 Standard Air Wing each (4 Choppers, ASW)
Earldom Class Frigate 18 Standard Air Wing
Daring Class Destroyer 16 each Standard Air Wing (2 Helicopters, ASW)
City Class Frigate 24 Standard Air Wing
Astute Upgraded Submarines 9 Submarine
Rearguard Submarines 2 Submarine
Taiho Class Submarine 14
Type 34 UUV 168 Taiho UUV
Type 35 UUV 224 Taiho UUV
Champion Class Carrier 1 92 Combat Aircraft each, 20 F-35C, 54 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 8 Helicopters (6 ASW 2 AEW
Earldom Class Frigate 3 6x AW101 Merlin, 18x Sea Mosquito
Kingdom Class Cruiser 2 10x AW101 Merlin, 30x Sea Mosquito
City Class Frigate 3 -
Rill Class Supply Ship 2 -
Protecteur Class Auxiliary 1 -
Whaitiri Class Drone (UUV mini) 800,000 Strategically placed to help encircle submarines in Vladivostok and Murmansk (split 50/50)
Vladivostok Raids Totals Notes
Leviathan Class Carrier 2 36x Fixed Wing F-35C's and 40 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 4 Helicopters (2 AEW, 2 ASW)
Britannia Class Supercarrier 2 92 Combat Aircraft each, 40 Swordfish, 54 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 8 Helicopters (6 ASW 2 AEW)
Kingdom Class Cruiser 16 Standard Air Wing each (4 Choppers, ASW)
Earldom Class Frigate 24 Standard Air Wing
Daring Class Destroyer 20 each Standard Air Wing (2 Helicopters, ASW)
City Class Frigate 22 Standard Air Wing
Astute Upgraded Submarines 9 Submarine
Taiho Class Submarine 14 With full complement
Type 34 UUV 168 Taiho UUV
Type 35 UUV 224 Taiho UUV
Whaitiri Class Drone (UUV Mini) 300,000
East Siberian Sea Raids Totals Notes
Champion Class Carrier 1 92 Combat Aircraft each, 20 F-35C, 54 Sea Mosquito D.2's, 8 Helicopters (6 ASW 2 AEW
Earldom Class Frigate 3 6x AW101 Merlin, 18x Sea Mosquito
Kingdom Class Cruiser 2 10x AW101 Merlin, 30x Sea Mosquito
City Class Frigate 3 -
Rill Class Supply Ship 2 -
Protecteur Class Auxiliary 1 -
White Rain Salvos Totals Notes
Hydra Class Submarine 3 Full Complements
Hydra Class Submarine 4 Full Complements
SSBN Movements Totals Notes
Dreadnought Class Submarine 3 3 Subs
Defiant Class Submarine 3 3 Subs


Part of the People's Federation of Canada's - WAR PLAN - 14
Approved by the National Champion - Elizabeth "WEEABOO" May
Approved by the Director of the Armed Forces - Felix Moraine
In cooperation with the United Commonwealth Realms
Note all operations are occurring concurrently
Situation: As Chinese and Japanese operations continue against the Unity rage on - alongside expected Pacific Republic deployments, the Canadian and Commonwealth Forces will see to it that [EXODUS]() is repeated throughout the Unity. Therefore total air superiority will be achieved across the Unity Territories of Russia.
In conjunction with the taking of airfields throughout Unity held territory and basing out of Canada/Scandinavia/China/Germany, we will be able to maintain total air superiority.
Operational Review: The goal of the wider operation "Wings of Freedom" is to establish total air superiority over the Unity Stronghold of Russia. Furthermore operating in such arctic environments - the logistical aspects cannot be understated. Additionally - concern towards the Ukrainian Front will be raised - however ideally an umbrella of security over the Northern Russian Theater will be established.
Furthermore the Unity's use of anti-air and missile equipment during the Ukrainian War of Aggression - followed by their complete inability to operate against overwhelming force - has showcased that ultimately the Unity Air Force and Anti-air defenses can be overwhelmed. Working alongside the Canadian Cyber-warfare Center, EDEN, and a variety of other active operations - the Canadian - Commonwealth Air Forces will see the Unity go Dark. This itself is reminiscent both of the Unity attack on Germany which has yet to show results - and the Commonwealth attack on Ukraine.
The Lights will go dark - and the Plague will freeze in place.
Launching from our Scandinavian Allies, the UK, and Canadian Arctic Bases including but not limited to CFB Fairbanks, CFB Enterprise, CFB White horse, CFS Alert, and others - the combined forces of Canadian-Commonwealth Bombers supported by continual air and sea operations will see to it that the Unity power infrastructure and strategic military command infrastructure ceases to exist. The focus however will be on the Unity Nuclear Power, LNG, and other energy gas/oil based energy sources.
The initial target list includes,
Through the use of Vulcan Bombers, launching from Australia, Canadian Arctic, and the UK, they will target the major LNG and Nuclear Reactor sites - hitting transformers in the case of the reactors - avoiding the cores themselves. In this way we replicate the EXODUS of Ukraine. Vulcan Bombers will use the tried and true strategy - of utilizing superior stealth to avoid detection until within boom-range at which point they will rapidly increase speed and then launch their 24 Harpe Missiles (each) with penetrating and conventional warheads. We will be dedicating three Vulcan Bombers to each listed energy location for a total of 72 Harpe Cruise Missiles per site. Bombing Raids will run until the Unity has gone dark.
Meanwhile, lower-range bombers such as the more numerous Goshawk will be tasked in hitting Western-Unity Military Installations while the longer-range and higher powespeed Vulcan and B series bombers are handling the Unity power facilities.
The Goshawk Bombers will therefore work to destroy Unity Communication and Control over Western Russia, while others flying out of Alaska will work to do the same over the Pacific Russia. Utilizing known information of Unity forces they will focus on the locations which house air-defense force command centers including those within the Arctic and being attacked via OP-LONE DARK and those in Western Russia such as Murmansk, St. Petersburgh, and further south.
In both sections, stealth bombers will be primarily focused on hitting the transformers of the reactors and other major power stations. With F-35A/Mosquito D.2 operating in low level flights, supporting bombers by shooting down anything that comes around, and by targeting smaller power generating locations and other targets deemed high-value during the first strike.
As Canadian operations to encircle and gain footholds in Unity held territory progress - Goshawk Bombers will be slowly pushed to forward operating bases, increasing operational range and extending our reach further south. This will be the ultimate goal of cutting the Unity operational capabilities in half, striking at the railways and roads that connect Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk. Ultimately while the Pacific looks to maintain some crucial buildings - the Canadians and Commonwealth will not be so cautious. Instead utilizing our overwhelming air superiority to level buildings (excluding those in St. Petersburg at the behest of the Pacific). When necessary bombers will be accompanied by Commonwealth or Canadian fighter jets.
While DARK ANGEL continues to operate, OP-EXTERMINATION in direct support of Air Superiority Operations will see to it that air superiority over Russia as a whole is maintained. Therefore the bulk of Canadian-Commonwealth forces which will again be based out of our Scandinavian allies, the UK, and other bases as they are acquired will seek to eliminate the Unity threat. Overwhelming Air Superiority will be ensured thanks to the large-yet rotational deployments of Canadian/Commonwealth aircraft.
OP Extermination will also assist OP-H&R and OP-EASTWATCH in methodically eliminating Unity personnel, by utilizing Goshawk Bomber, Lancaster, various other strategic bombers to eliminate Unity settlements as part of said operations. They will use mathematically calculated payloads to ensure maximum destruction while maintaining logistical security. Munitions will include standard-operational munitions along with White Phosphorous munitions and napalm.
And with DARK ANGEL largely completed, the forces of both will then seek to maintain Air Superiority over Western Russia/Siberia - as the Unity's limited access to future fuel supplies forces far less response-forces in turn. Mosquito Drones with transmutation camo will proceed to replicate F-16s will once again begin buzzing Unity controlled airspace - forcing Unity SAMS to active in order to defend themselves. Once this occurs F-35s, Commonwealth 6th Generation Aircraft, and bombers will open up the hellfire on Unity defenses and will be continually guarded by Mosquito D.2 drones. As most of the Unity SAMS will be known due to the efforts of satellites - and the fact that Russia will have gone dark - it will make targeting far easier.
Village targets as part of EXTERMINATION are determined by OP H&LONE DARK and munitions used will be determined by population and size of settlement.
  • Large cities: 100,000+ - Total bombardment using White Phosphorous and conventional warheads.
  • Cities: 50,000-100,000 - Total bombardment using White Phosphorous, conventional warheads. or Napalm
  • Small Cities: 10,000-50,000 - Limited bombardment using WP, conventional warheads. or Napalm
  • Towns: 1,000-10,000 - Limited bombardment using cluster munitions or WP based on size
  • Settlements: 1,000 or lower - Limited bombardment using standard munitions or cluster munitions.
OP - EXTERMINATION will be secondarily focused on the mass killing of Infected Individuals in support of army operations as identified.
A mirror operation dubbed 'OP - FREEDOM' will also operate to support those in the Pacific under OP - LONG MARCH and other Army Operations further away from Western Unity Holdings.
While OP - EXTERMINATION seeks to establish dual air superiority/extermination of Unity personnel on the ground, OP - FREEDOM will be primarily focused on ensuring air superiority over the Unity-Pacific holdings. Therefore flying out of CFS-ATTU, Adak, Gakona, Beaver, Prudhoe, Koyuk, Point Lay, and other UK/Scandinavian Bases - we will launch air superiority missions to support [OP - LONG MARCH]() and other army operations throughout Russia.
As previously stated - they will utilizing similar techniques, and will slowly encroach on the Unity as we gain more bases within Unity prime. And further will mirror EXTERMINATION's own elimination of population centers.
Air Superiority will be maintained throughout all operations.


DARK ANGEL Totals Notes
Goshawk Bomber 78 48/30 UCR-Canada
B-1 Bombers 34 30/4 UCR-Canada
Vulcan Bomber 100 80-20 UCR-Canada
Lancaster II 42 42 UCR
B-2 Bomber 9 9 Canada
Spitfire 2045 150 From UK/Scandinavia bases
F-35A 300 UCR from UK/Scandinavia/Germany
F-17 Condor 100 Unmanned from Germany/Poland
Mosquito D.2 2,000 1,000/1,000 UCCanada
KC-46 Refueling Tanker 35 UCR
EA-18G 9 UCR
Boeing E7 Wedgetail 12 UCR
Raytheon Sentinel 3 UCR
Thales Watchkeeper 15 UCR
FREEDOM Totals Notes
Spitfire 2045 150 From Scandinavia/Arctic bases
F-35A 100 From Arctic/Alaskan bases
F-3A Shinshen Kai 100 From Japanese bases
Mosquito D.2 1,600 From Arctic/Alaskan bases
Boeing E-767 3
Lockheed EC-130H (Compass Call) 2
E7 Wedgetail 8
KC-130 Tanker 19 10-9 Canada/UCR
KC-46 Tanker 30 20/10 Canada/UCR
EA-18G 2


Part of the People's Federation of Canada's - WAR PLAN - 14
Approved by the National Champion - Elizabeth "WEEABOO" May
Approved by the Director of the Armed Forces - Felix Moraine
Note all operations are occurring concurrently
Situation: As operations against the Unity begin to ramp up - it will become increasingly important that forces are deployed to support Army personnel operating within Unity held territories. Therefore CANSOFCOM has been tasked with unhindered operations against the Unity-Prime to cause chaos and damage within the Unity's front lines.
MTF-1, MTF-10, and MTF-13 have been specifically chosen for covert operations within Unity-Prime and will be supported by the 343 AAOS and 427 SOAS for air support. They will be utilizing information gained from similar operations completed by the Brazilian forces against Chipped Individuals to begin degrading if not outright eliminating the functional minds of the hive.
Involved Units
The Canadian Cyberwarfare Center
Mobile Task Force 1 "Wanderers": Mobile Task Force 1 is the premier "conventional" unit of the JTF-2 and takes on most of the duties of the previous JTF-2 units. The Wanderers are nicknamed as such, due to their "jack-of-all-trades" philosophy which sees them doing everything from counter terror, direct action, special recon, hostage rescue, personnel recovery, and foreign internal defense. Like many of the other assigned MTF Teams, the MTF-1 has operated within the Arctic Circle, increasing experience drastically.
Mobile Task Force 4 "Black Hats":** MTF-4 "Black Hats" are the special operations cyber force, excelling in hacking and precision decapitation strikes, the MTF-4 expands upon the cyber-warfare capabilities of Canada, which can be seen throughout the specific Cyber-warfare division, within the army, etc. Like the rest, they participated in warfare against both the UCR and the US Federal Government.
Mobile Task Force 5 "Smoke":** MTF-5 is specifically designed to create a smoke-screen for Canadian operations at home an abroad. Another "digital" special force, they are capable of operating both in and away from the field during active combat to create "confusion and disaray" within Enemy lines and communication networks. Thus providing a major level of security to all precision operations by the Canadian Forces. Like the rest, they participated in warfare against both the UCR and the US Federal Government.
Mobile Task Force 6 "Mirrors":** MTF-6 "Mirrors" works in tandem with MTF-5, but has a very different mission objective. The MTF-6's goal is to replicate and mirror the styles and patterns of cyberwarfare of hostile forces. Using Lion_CONSTRUCT analysts and human professionals, they can observe and then replicate hostile cyber-warfare and digital signatures and patterns of enemy forces, conducting operations under these guises. This is especially interesting in that they can mirror attacks back upon the hostile forces, by replicating the same patterns creating disruption within enemy attacks. Like the rest, they participated in warfare against both the UCR and the US Federal Government.
Mobile Task Force 10 "Alpha": MTF-10 is the 10th officially recognized Task Force of the MTF, and provides supporting roles to the other 9 MTFs. It is capable of operating in most conditions and achieving any objective, however is usually used to augment the other task forces in a supportive role. This makes MTF-10 another "all arounder" however unlike the MTF-1, is designed more to support other MTFs. They will primarily be assisting MTF-1 in operations.
Mobile Task Force 13 "Lucky": MTF-13 "Lucky" specializes in the recovery of sensitive "anomalies" trained to handle both AI and equivalent physical softwares alongside more "supernatural" operations (see New Zealand). The MTF-13 has most recently operated (covertly) within Timor Leste investigating disturbances. As this will prove to be our first interactions with potential Unity prisoners, the MTF-13 Lucky has been tasked in handling the most extreme cases.
427 Special Operations Aviation Squadron (SOAS): The 427th is the Special Operations Aviation Squadron for CSOR. They provide aviation support to the JTF-2 and other special forces, and can operate in any environment or condition. They number at 300 and are divided into 3 teams of 100. The 427th has also operated alongside other operations within Alaska, gaining increased arctic warfare experience
343 Armed Aviation Overwatch Squadron AAOS: The 343 AAOS is designed as a specialized Armed Overwatch force with the objective being to protect and support other CANSOFCOM units in the field. Furthermore the 343 AAOS is also designed to be an elite team of pilots, in order to counter and eliminate elite hostile air units. They utilize lighter strike fighters and air superiority aircraft, unlike the current doctrine of Canadian Air Force units. This creates a highly versatile and aggressive unit, capable of easily destroying hostile elite air units from other countries.
Operational Review: Working in tandem with [OP - H&R]() the CANSOFCOM will be working to establish radio interference points in order to allow freedom of movement for OP-EASTWATCH and OP-LONG MARCH.
They will be rapidly inserted with supplies by the 427 SOAS and protected by the 343 AAOS as they construct "test" facilities for Unity captured individuals brought in by MTF-13 while MTF-1 supports the construction of specialized radio towers for the distribution of Unity-interfering frequencies.
Additionally EDEN and the Canadian Cyber-warfare Center has been tasked in large-scale cyberwarfare against the Techno-plague.
As Canadian Forces move into Unity controlled territory, MTF-13 Lucky has been tasked with the capture and detainment of select Unity Individuals, including women, children, and males without defect. They will operate covertly alongside OP - H&R Scouts in order to capture said targets from smaller settlements (below 100 total inhabitants).
Specializing in "anomaly" collection, the MTF-13 will capture individuals and then bring them to special locations established by the MTF-1 and MTF-10.
Meanwhile MTF-1 "Watchers" will in cooperating with Canadian Army Engineers, begin building mass radio-amplifiers to begin bombarding the Hivemind with Radio Frequencies. These types of operations have proven effective as showcased by Brazil when they saw a significant drop of 25% of the Unity infected in Venezuela see lower effectiveness.
Further, MTF-10 "Alpha" will be constructing "isolation facilities" in Unity-Russia for which we can hold captured infected for testing. No infected will be brought to the shores of Canada-Prime.
The Garden's Bounty
EDEN - Canada's Sentient and Artificial Hyper-intelligence, and perhaps the most successful prosecutor of Cyber based warfare not currently known to the world at large - has been tasked in leading a total war campaign against the Unity Techno-plague.
EDEN and her millions of sentient and non-sentient CONSTRUCTS will immediately launch the largest cyber-warfare campaign in history, perhaps only rivaled by known American Republic entities.
Therefore in conjunction with MTF-4 "Black Hats", EDEN will be utilizing a non-sentient ANT-CONSTRUCT swarm system (numbering in the tens of millions) as has been used in past operations, to begin the total desecration of Unity communication capabilities. Building upon DARK_END_4.1 among other operations, the ANT-CONSTRUCT swarms will be utilized to terminate select valuable assets within the Unity database. Additionally the MTF-4 Black Hats will launch simultaneous assaults alongside several LION-CONSTRUCTs under the guidance of EDEN in order to begin isolating and limiting information that each Unity Armed Forces Base receives, severely limiting counter-strike capabilities against ongoing invasions by Canadian Army personnel. In affect we will be attempting to create information bubbles around these critical locations in order to continually increase the time it takes for Unity military locations to receive, process, and then act on information (in conjunction with Denial/Deception operations). The use of Artificial Networks and Bubbles will be done extensively to ensure ease of operation [refer to here](Furthermore the MTF-4 alongside the Canadian Cyber-warfare center will begin launching wide-sweeping attacks on Commonwealth Quantum Radar Facilities (located in CFBsonly-place-they-got-built ) through artificially overloading (using ANT-CONSTRUCT Swarms) the radars. This will not permanently destroy them - however will make information receives from Radar Facilities far more bloated in terms of information.).
Furthermore the MTF-4 alongside the Canadian Cyber-warfare center will begin launching wide-sweeping attacks on Unity Quantum Radar Facilities through artificially overloading (using ANT-CONSTRUCT Swarms) the radars. This will not permanently destroy them - however will make information receives from Radar Facilities far more bloated in terms of information.
In order to eliminate the chance of a Unity retaliation cyber-attack against ourselves, EDEN has been tasked in creating "mimic-networks", which are fine-tuned artificial networks developed by MTF-6 "Mirrors". These Artificial Networks fine-tuned to mimic a "receiving (Canadian Network)" which the Unity gives orders to attack which will give the perception that attacks have been set or launched while in reality they have not been launched against actual Canadian networks. This when combined with ongoing defense protocols in relation to the war will help ensure our own security.
Furthermore the artificial Networks within Canada which had been constructed as part of CLOSED_LOOP_6 will also be reactivated and will operate in much the same way. Blunting attacks and acting as further verification for all traffic attempting to enter Canadian Networks (subject to EDEN/Cyber-warfare Center verification). Otherwise they will continue to operate as part of broader defense goals pertaining to the CANERT 1 readiness (Maximum Readiness)
Additionally EDEN and Cyber-warfare Center will utilize "digital ants" (ANT-CONSTRUCTS) again in the tens of millions, as organized by SPIDER-CONSTRUCTS in order to continually trawl the Canadian Networks for potential breaches from any potential force. This will include bringing the White Cell Defense Network into maximum readiness (digital ant swarms designed for defense).
EDEN and the Canadian Cyberwarfare Center will also be utilizing our high-quality satellites (taken from the UCR) to ensure all operations remain up to date with information. This includes the Canadian Positioning Satellites, NOVASAR, and others.


CANSOFCOM Totals Notes
MTF-1 100 Personnel FSP-4 Standard Issue Equipment
MTF-10 100 FSP-4 Standard Issue Equipment
MTF-13 100 FSP-4 Standard Issue Equipment
427 SOAS 100 FSP-4 Standard Issue Equipment
343 AAOS 100 FSP-4 Standard Issue Equipment
White Tail LSV 120 Light Utility Vehicles
Access to Naval NTOG NTOG Access to Naval equipment
V-32 Hummingbird 10 Transport
C-27 Galaxy 2 Transport
Apache AH-64 10 Close Air Support
submitted by Diotoiren to worldpowers [link] [comments]

2020.03.13 22:04 autotldr HIV conspiracy theories and the virus continue to thrive in Russia

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 91%. (I'm a bot)
The Siberian city of Novosibirsk has one of the worst HIV infection rates in Russia.
Experts say HIV conspiracy theories - a thing of the past in many other countries - continue to thrive in Russia and significantly hinder efforts to combat the virus.
Conspiracy theories about HIV date to the earliest days of the epidemic.
Rita Loginova, a journalist for Taiga Info, an online news outlet covering Siberia and Russia's Far East, has reported on the HIV issue in Russia extensively.
"Most of the HIV dissident or denier groups aren't so much conspiracy theorists as they are confused people, who don't have enough information about HIV and AIDS to know what has happened to them," said Rita Loginova, who has reported extensively on the issue for Taiga Info, an online news outlet covering Siberia and Russia's Far East.
Hundreds of people a day in Russia began searching HIV testing on Google, the independent news outlet TJournal reported.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: HIV#1 Russia#2 virus#3 Russian#4 Sumina#5
Post found in /worldnews, /HIVandAIDS, /conspiracywhatever and /LATIMESauto.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]

2020.01.30 08:31 Erhard_Eckmann [Secret] State of the Surveillance State

State of the Surveillance State

The status of personal freedoms and liberties has slowly but surely been infringed in the Russian Federation over the past six years. Reforms enacted by President Putin in 2020, specifically the Russian Police Reforms set off a cascade of events caused the Russian people to begin sacrificing their personal liberties for security- but behind the scenes, giving up these liberties came at a cost. As 2026 marches forward, the Russian Federation has slowly, but surely become even more authoritarian than it previously was. The oppressive reforms came alongside a series of radicalizing events that acted as camouflage for what was actually happening behind the scenes. As Russia became embroiled in a head-line covering War in the Donbass, the Russian State Duma quietly passed the Police Reform hoping few would notice.
Firstly, the policy enacted Transport Camera Policing. Many argued that this was a necessary maneuver giving the horrific driving qualifications within interior Russia. While at the time, Russia was undergoing a major investment in interior road and highway upgrades, most shrugged their shoulders and were thankful that they could get rid of the dashcam system. Within a year, the transport camera system went up across the country, which did make roads safer, and it even made the government a little bit of money. However, previously, Russian Police had to personally pull over offenders, there was never such a convenient system as letting cameras do all the work, despite being discussed in many countries around the world. Without much criticism, it was slid into place and remains in 2026 as one of the highest grossing non-tax revenues for the government.
Then the Public Security Database was implemented. This policy required Russians to register their living spaces and government documents into a Russian-style Hukou system. Additionally, it included fingerprinting and a facial scan. All documents and personal information were stored with the Russian Police and the FSB. It was reasoned that through pushing this policy through with forensic databases that it would make the Russian Federation safer and crimes would get solved faster. However, at the time, Russia was beginning a third installment of the Chechen War, it made sense to register citizens to find their locations if they committed crimes or terrorist acts. This large breach of personal liberties were also swept under the rug with the conflicts embroiling Russia's outskirts.
Afterwards, the Ministry of Internal Affairs developed and implemented what is known as the Russian Safety Network. The Russian Safety Network is a massive surveillance camera network that encompasses all cities within the Russian Federation with more than 50,000 people. It calls upon the information stored within the Public Security Database to idly scan the faces of individuals and log their location and other information into the system. It was argued that the Russian Police and intelligence would use it to locate criminals and speed up arrest times, even going as far as crime prevention through the monitoring of suspicious persons. It was effective finding missing persons and identifying those of suspicion and foreign agents, however once implementation hit Grozny- it became a whole other issue. The FSB began automatically passing monitoring warrants on Chechen individuals which were further extended to Muslims of interest and "possible radical agent" - a term used to include almost every single military aged Muslim male south of Rostov-on-Don. As terrorist attacks to include the stabbings in Moscow began to mount, the restrictions on who could be monitored began to fade until the RSN evolved into an essential nanny-state. The FSB was monitoring political figures who opposed United Russia, questionable journalists, foreign citizens and tourists from Western countries, and the list quickly became ever growing. Without reaching full implementation of the system yet, which will complete in 2030, FSB brass estimates that 62% of the country was being watched actively with their information being stored. Eventually, due to the number of persons and AI's it would take to effectively manage such a program, the FSB decided that they would allow the RSN to record everything it saw and heard from individuals. FSB servers began filling with information from citizens, residents, and tourists alike, as it constantly collected information without discrimination. The FSB attempted to delegate teams to sift through specific types of information, while one division would work on Political Dissidents, the others would work on Organized Crime, or the "Chechen Department." It quickly became clear that the FSB would not be able to focus on conducting foreign espionage if it had to include every person to monitor happenings around the country.
That was when gold hit the Russian Federation. When Belarus' secret police was integrated, the FSB had an out. They quickly created a subsidiary called the State Security Service, whose sole task was to carry out secret police tasks of monitoring its own citizens, dealing with dissidents, cracking down on sensitive political issues like "Chechen rights." Quietly, President Medvedev discovered that the State Security Service was growing too big to be an FSB subsidiary, and made its own intelligence branch, the State Security Service- keeping the name. They became completely responsible for the Russian Safety Network, while passing relevant information on to the FSB and the Russian Police. The State Security Service was quick to lay out their requirements:
  • Between the ages 18-35
  • Pass a Government Physical Fitness Examination
  • Have a Valid Driver's License
  • Pass the Security Knowledge Battery (General Aptitude Test)
  • Satisfactory Scores on the Intelligence Writing Element
  • Member of United Russia or the Communist Party of the Russian Federation
  • Hold a Bachelor's Degree or given five years of military service
  • Pass a Psychological Interview
  • Pass a full-scope background check
  • Pass a series of polygraph examinations
  • Obtain a Top-Secret Security Clearance
  • Pass the Preliminary Agent Physical Fitness Test
The State Security Service tailored their own full-scope background investigation and their State Disclosure Form-1. The State Disclosure Form-1 became easily the most stressful step of the entire onboarding process since it essentially became a life-dump to the the agency itself. Candidates would be expected to tell pretty much everything so it would be almost completely clear to the agency, who these candidates where and if they could be trusted. A few of the requirements included:
  • General Information: Place, Date of Birth, Family Members
  • Family Background: History of Immediate Family
  • Education History: Dates, Locations, and Certificate Proof of Completion and Attendance, Teacher Reference for High-School and above
  • Address History: Dates, Locations, Document Proof Confirming Stay
  • Work History: Dates, Locations, ManageBoss Reference
  • Criminal History: Charges, Sentence, Dates, Story, and Reference of Investigating Officer
  • Foreign Travel: Dates, Locations, Purpose for Travel
  • Foreign Contacts: Any information known on the contact, a foreign contact is considered a person who is not a citizen of the Russian Federation or a CSTO Member State and recognizing that citizenship as their primary citizenship, If contact is questionable the applicant will be asked to cut ties.
  • References: Vouch for the character, work ethic, motivations, loyalties, merits and flaws, behavior, and locations of the candidate
The State Security Service was quick to establish their new nondescript headquarters and training facility in Gomel with a $1 Bn grant to begin. The facility was quite vast and included barracks for 6,000 potential agents, faculty, and administration. Outfitted with its own airport with security restrictions elevated into space, a firing range, an indoor pool, and millions of dollars of state-of-the-art equipment. The State Security Service moved quickly to establish nondescript offices around the country, sometimes within police precincts to disguise itself, however other facilities were more open like prisons. The prisons were created for those that the State Security Service wanted to keep out of the criminal justice system. Things like foreign spies, terrorists, political dissidents, critical journalists. Something completely off the grid, where they could be held quietly at the furthest edges of Russia completely dislocated from reality. This would effectively help put major dissidents and political outbursts within Russia under the control of a central organization. Adorning olive green military uniforms they would run their day to day operations, and when in public they would look like civilians. The State Security Service would look to fill its ranks with 1,000,000 employees with a budget of almost $10 Bn annually. They created operations in:
  • Poltava
  • Kharkiv
  • Luhansk
  • Donetsk
  • Mariupol
  • Sevastopol
  • Krasnodar
  • Rostov-on-Don
  • Grozny
  • Volgograd
  • Minsk
  • Brest
  • Kaliningrad
  • Grodno
  • Babruysk
  • Voronezh
  • Saratov
  • Moscow
  • Nizhny Novgorod
  • St. Petersburg
  • Kazan
  • Samara
  • Perm
  • Yekaterinburg
  • Ufa
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Tyumen (Prison)
  • Omsk
  • Novosibirsk
  • Novorossiysk
  • Krasnoyarsk (Prison)
  • Irkutsk (Prison)
  • Ulan-Ude (Prison)
  • Vladivostok
  • Yakutsk (Prison)
  • Nizhnevartovsk (Prison)
  • Batagay (Prison)
submitted by Erhard_Eckmann to Geosim [link] [comments]

2020.01.04 07:24 Erhard_Eckmann [Event] Golden Russia Plan: Pt. II

Golden Russia Plan: Pt. II

Dmitry Medvedev had been visibly sweating for months. The Russian Economy was in full free-fall. Although victory in Ukraine was met, at what cost. The war had investors scared shitless as stock prices crumbled across the country. Investors lost confidence as a large coalition grew against Russia. Sanctions were slapped on Russian exports, goods, and even some companies and individuals. The last two years have been a wild ride in Russia, and the Federal government was scrambling to find a solution. People quickly began losing their jobs and lining up to take part in the contract work in Russian Ukraine or on the first phase of the Golden Russia Plan. The more skilled found themselves in Central Asia working with Russia's strategic partners on the Global Development Initiative. But one thing was certain, the Russian government needed to act and fast.
While the Western Nations of Europe and the Americas had been turning a blind-eye to Russia. Russia has a wide network of friends and acquaintances that would love the chance to tap into the Russian economy. At this point, Russia had begun looking for the fastest track back to growth. However, at this point, only a few parts of the nation were growing, and they were separated into key economic areas. The growth was largely separated by their level of development. The least developed areas were experiencing small growth, whereas the more developed areas were in economic stagnation and declining. However, that's not to say growth in the least developed areas was desirable, it experienced a significant decrease from its former growth rate. While places like the Far Eastern economic region, the East Siberian economic region, the Western Siberian economic region and the North Caucuses economic region were growing slightly, around the 2-3% area, places like the Central Economic Region, Volga-Vyatka economic region, and the Northwestern economic region had completely stagnated and seen a decrease in growth, around 3-5% depending on the area.
As Medvedev was assigned to work on the Golden Russia Plan, he knew he had to develop something he could hand to President Putin that would flip the Russian economy, put Russians to work, and continue the direction and goals of the Golden Russia Plan.

Public Contract Development Projects

As unemployment increases in the more developed regions of Russia, on the contrary the Far-East and lesser developed areas are still hiring at a reasonable rate. The Golden Russia Plan has originally called for increasing residential structure and utilities within the interior Russian oblasts. Still aiming to achieve this goal, Dmitry Medvedev called the Ministry of Economic Development to hold a meeting to discuss the feasibility of the government contracting its own unemployed citizens out to work on the development projects. Now, the largest state-owned enterprise and corporation in the Russian Federation, the Russian National Construction Engineering Corporation, has agreed to enter the agreement with the State Duma to hire unemployed workers from the developed economic regions of the Central, Volga-Vyatka, and Northwestern economic regions en masse to lift up and cause the interior oblasts to explode.
The State Duma agreed to the hiring of capable, unemployed workers to do physical contract labor for the Russian National Construction Engineering Corporation. The State Duma would hire the employees on projects by job, and pay them hourly for their work with the RNCEC. Dmitry Medvedev began to lay out his grand plan for Russian Interior Infrastructure. Dmitry Medvedev collected a list of second or third rate cities that had been left ignored and unattended in terms of infrastructure that would be the focus of the new massive residential project.
List of Cities with Planned Residential Projects
  • Voronezh
  • Saratov
  • Kaliningrad
  • Volgograd
  • Samara
  • Perm
  • Yekaterinburg
  • Chelyabinsk
  • Tyumen
  • Omsk
  • Novosibirsk
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Irkutsk
  • Vladivostok
  • Yakutsk
  • Krasnodar
Although these are not Russia's most important cities, they have large population centers and have the opportunity to be of greater economic importance to the Russian Federation. While the major roadway, railway, dockyard construction projects have all been contracted to the localities in which they are being created and upgraded, the economic regional prioritization has been more effective at stemming development and innovation. However for these large and already developed cities, the RNCEC contract labor will be the best way to provide immediate money to them, employ them, and act as catalyst for consumer spending and investing.
The contract employees will be paid hourly, however will be allowed to negotiate their salary with the RNCEC which will be covered by the Duma, regarding things such as abilities, work experience. RNCEC will manage the projects and train the workers. The Russian Government hopes that this project will employ millions of Russian to put the revival of the economy and explosion of Russian development in their hands. The Russian Government plans to spend billions on these new high-rise cookie cutter apartments that will be the newest and most desirable way to live in the Russian Federation. Being multi-code developments, the first several floors of every building are reserved for small businesses that can operate by the streets, whereas the higher floors will be for residents. Under every apartment neighborhood will be car garages to conserve space and make the streets cleaner. In the oblasts, the old Soviet residences are out-dated, and improperly furbished. To upgrade the residences for these citizens, after they have seen improvements in their roadways would mean wonders. Ultimately, the Russian Federation has aimed to create apartment complexes for 20 million people, definitely not a small number for the size of the Russian population. The project itself is an extremely massive overhaul in regards to what is usually done in the Russian Federation, and would be a megaproject on its own rarely seen before by the likes of man. The main reasons driving this overhaul rest on a number of issues:
  • Increased Unemployment
  • Poor Soviet Housing in the Oblasts
  • Increased Economic Dependency on the Oblasts
  • The need to spur Growth
  • Lateral Quality of Life Issues
As the government is making these massive apartment developments for its citizens in the oblasts, will they be able to afford them? That has been the looming question over the head of the Russian Federation's project. As the areas being developed continue to grow their housing prices will rise, and the government's focus has already been named to increase the quality of life. How will it be done? Well the projects after being constructed will be owned by the RNCEC that will break major subdivisions into regional subsidiaries. Russian citizens will be able to rent the apartments from the subsidiaries at a minimal fraction of the total monthly cost. The Russian Government's infrastructure budget will cover a large majority of the rent, while the last 20% of the rent will be covered by the citizens. However, since RNCEC is a SOE, the Russian Government will be providing the rent coverage to the SOE while still bringing in 20% straight revenue from the citizens. So the loss will be eaten by the Federal Government, while the SOE will still make a large buck on its major federal project.
Of course, all the new developments would have electricity, running water, sewage, internet and natural gas access. Most of the structures themselves will be built in apartment neighborhoods of several buildings around 20-25 stories each. The neighborhoods will have two vehicle and person entrances and exits. For vehicles, the vehicle must be registered with the Russian Police that will manage the entrances and exits, and it will be given a tag that will be automatically scanned, giving them access to the complex and underground parking. For those who come in on foot, every room will have a key and a small scanable tag with it, and the scan-able tag will permit entry through the gates on the walkways. The tag must also be scanned at the entrance door on the bottom floor of the apartment building. All guest arrival will have to be notified with the Russian Police at the checkpoint, only the name of the guest, their ID card, and duration of visit will be necessary to permit entry. The Russian Government plans to spend a total of $50 Bn on the project, to finish in 2025.

Prospective Markets

In addition, the Russian Government has been looking at possible future markets to expand its economy and create consumer spending money in the more wealthy areas. To do so, the Russian Federation will need to expand to new markets on new horizons. Russia has selected the following nations with potential for major goods exporting:
  • China
  • DPRK
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkey
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • The Philippines
  • Indonesia
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
The most important choice, is the most natural choice, the People's Republic of China. Holding one of the largest economies in the world, and recently having worked on closer economic links with the Russian Federation. Russia is interested in expanding its market of sales to China. Russia's biggest export, is largely one of China's largest interest, petroleum and fuel. Russia being one of the world's largest producers and distributors, is looking to sell more petroleum to China. Ultimately this will mean several things, one, China will be able to provide fuel to its citizens for a cheaper price, and two, Russia's petroleum market will be able to cope better with the current petroleum sanctions, if not dissolving their negative effects entirely. The Russian Federation is also interested in acted as a major import partner with China to produce manufacturing goods and heavy industrial equipment. In exchange, Russia would agree to increasing imports from China. In an exchange of this sort, both economies can prosper from each other, and work on their most pressing issues. For China, the trade war and its fallout, for Russia, the sanctions.
The Five Stans
Some of Russia's most important partners are The Five Stans. While almost all of them are apart of the EAEU and EACU, the nations are already on excellent economic grounds to conduct additional export trading. These nations historically have difficulties acquiring electronic consumer goods such as semiconductors, TVs, computer parts and the like. Most recently the Russian Federation has launched a major initiative to work on creating a massive influential market of Russian electronic goods. Primarily, Russia would like to sell semiconductors to new electronic manufacturers popping up in the Stans, while also exporting more complicated Russian electronics such as smart-phones, tablets, motherboards, graphics cards, and smart appliances. As these things are not easily produced, it will offer a higher quality of life in the Stans, and at a dirt cheap price through the EAEU and EACU. Russia hopes that these technologies will be paramount to the Roscosmos and KazKosmos project.
Turkey is a budding economic and security partner for the Russian Federation. Although the relations have become closer, neither side has taken the first steps towards closer economic ties and the benefits involved with such deals. It has become more and more clear that Turkey's and Russia's relations are almost completely aligned. Turkey has been a strong security ally in the Middle-East combating terrorism, and understands Russian foreign policy, as the respect is mutual. Turkey has been cordially invited by the Russian Federation to join the Eurasian Economic Union. If Turkey would accept, it would receive many of the benefits involved with business with not only Russia, but all of the Turkic states that are Russian-aligned. Russia is a formidable producer of things Turkey loves to import, heavy industrial equipment, chemicals, fuel, transportation goods, and electronics. Russia believes that Turkey opening its markets to the Russian Federation will be an excellent economic move for both sides. Turkey is a formidable and cheap producer of textiles, food, paper, and rare earth minerals, all things that Russia seeks. The Russian people are fervent consumer spenders, and would be happy to find their way into Turkish luxury and common goods.
The DPRK finds itself in an interesting position where it seeks to be the king of every industry. And in some cases, it is extremely good at what it does. However, Russia acknowledges that an economic cooperation would benefit both sides. The DPRK economy is largely closed and free from foreign influence. It's markets are almost completely untouched with the exception of a few Chinese goods. The DPRK markets, due to its uniqueness, are also stable. The Russian Federation is interested in constructing a Gazprom pipeline from Vladivostok to Pyongyang for petroleum consumption within the DPRK. This should stem a lot of the major issues the DPRK has internally through the lack of fuel, and will provide a cheaper and more direct alternative than the occasional Chinese barge. Additionally, the Russian Federation is interested in selling agricultural and manufacturing machinery and technologies to the DPRK Government for implementation on the farms and in the factories. Not only would this help increase the DPRK economy by making it more efficient and increasing product quality, it would provide Russia with a unique relationship with the DPRK that would economically benefit both sides. Russia plans to reach out in the near future to the DPRK regarding the Global Development Initiative that will give the DPRK unique access to deal with Russia on an unprecedented level.
South-East Asia
South-East Asia is quickly developing and almost all of them are coming through as emerging markets. Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, among many others are developing themselves into the next powerhouses of simplified manufacturing. Things such as textiles, foodstuffs, snacks, e-commerce, and the like are in the early stages of pioneering in South-East Asia. The Russian Federation has reached out to:
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • The Philippines
  • Indonesia
  • Cambodia
  • Laos
The Russian Federation is interested in increasing trade with these nations to export electronic goods such as cell-phones, tablets, semi-conductors, petroleum, robotic devices, appliances, and in exchange, the Russian Federation is seeking to purchase the goods produced by these nations to include foodstuff, textiles, furniture, and apparel. All of these nations will be given the unique opportunity to deepen their economic ties with the Russian Federation and assist one another in developing and growing in necessary capacities. As Russian goods are waiting to be sold in South East Asia, Russian consumers are looking forward to purchasing goods made from far away places, even cheap clothes that anyone can purchase.
submitted by Erhard_Eckmann to Geosim [link] [comments]

2019.12.12 21:11 Mamluk29 30M Russia on Trans-Siberian East to West 23 Feb through ~8 Feb, then eastern Europe after that.

Hey all, I've settled my dates for a big trip coming up and would to meet people along the way!
I'll be crossing into Russia from Mongolia on 23 Jan and heading west. I plan on stopping at Lake Baikal, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, and then pushing to At Petersburg (flexible with the cities). Probably spend a night in the train between cities and a night or two in each city (probably 3 nights in Moscow/St P).
After that, I'm debating between that Baltics/Poland or Belarus and Ukraine for about a 8-10 days.
What I'm interested in is all over the place. Interests of mine include history, music, museums, and the arts. I want to see as much Soviet stuff as possible, from architecture to monuments to history museums. I'd also like to check out art museums and maybe see some shows (like going to the Bolshoi). Maybe see some live music in a club scene. Definitely want to check out breweries and some clubs. Nothing too crazy as I'll be in traveling-in-a-foreign-country mode.
Accomodations would depend on how I'm feeling. Overnight on the trains would most likely be first class for privacy reasons. In cities, it'll likely be hostels or a nice hotel if I just want to have a quiet night's sleep.
Anywho, if anybody is down to tag along for some of the journey or will be in any of those cities, I'd love to meet up!
submitted by Mamluk29 to travelpartners [link] [comments]

2019.11.25 07:28 Rocknocker Demolition Days, Part 54

Did I mention all Aeroflot pilots are military? Well, they are and they must think they’re still in a MiG-31 fighter. Never before have I actually pulled lateral G’s lifting off from an airport. The pilot anchored that left wingtip over some stationary geographic marker and pushed that plane for all it could deliver. Once we rotated some 300 degrees, we snap rolled laterally horizontal, the nose pointed due up, and aimed for Angel’s Eleven.
After a few minutes, we suddenly snapped back to true 3-dimensional horizontal. We were at cruising altitude and speed. You may mill around the aircraft and let your kids go nuts now.
The stewardess comes by with a cart and asks if I would like anything.
“A glass, some ice, and thorazine, if you have any,” I replied.
She had the first two, I was out of luck with the tranquilizer.
“Ah, well” I chewed it over, “Good thing I’ve brought my own.”
It’s a 4.5 or 5-hour flight to Krasnoyarsk. I’ll have to ration my supplies carefully. I only brought the 1.75 liter bottle.
I relight my cigar and surprisingly, no one pulled a C. Everett Koop on me. In fact, most everyone on the flight was smoking. I was nothing unusual to this batch of travelers.
Without my usual citrus compliment, I managed to procure a few bottles of Novosibirsk Anchor beer. Very nice. It complemented the wood varnish-like harshness of the domestic vodka I had purchased.
“Real” Stolichnaya was for export only, I found out later.
Over the flight, I made several new friends. Once they got past my Stetson and Hawaiian shirt, they figured me as just another loopy foreigner. Although, I was a loopy foreigner that spoke fair Russian, and was liberal in his disbursement of vodka and cigars.
They even all laughed at my “We’re having an airborne Communist Party” joke. I wouldn’t have been surprised if the KGB was waiting for me at the arrivals gate.
They weren’t but some of my comrades from the Houston trip were. I received special attention through deplaning and off to baggage claim. No passport control or customs here.
What the hell could they do? Send you to Siberia?
Out to a lavish arrival dinner, we were whisked. I would have preferred a little downtime and a shower, but, whatever. It was a long ordeal as I met with many important people here in Siberia. I had to take notes to keep all the names straight. There was a huge arrival dinner, many, many toasts and lots of jokes over hopes for future projects in the near future.
One people, one mind.
I was taken to the hotel, which was a still-functioning “party” hotel. It was designed for functionaries in the Communist Party. Lately though, it had been press-ganged into service for visiting foreigners. It was weirdly opulent, in that bizarre way only Russia could offer.
Since it was winter, and we were farther north, it was pitch black all day. But we wouldn’t let a little thing like that stand in our way. We had to travel some 350 kilometers north to the town of Yeniseysk, where the oil company had its home office. We had the option of driving or flying. I said I’d prefer to fly. It’d be quicker.
The next morning, I’m out on the tarmac, standing next to a huge Russian helicopter. It was one of the 15 or so the Siberian oil company had received from the government fresh from the just abandoned fighting fields of Afghanistan. The helicopter was a Mil Mi-26, or what was referred to as The Hind. Twin-engines, 8-bladed rotor, this thing could literally carry a tank. Today, it was just passengers, luggage, and necessary Arctic survival gear.
We flew due north towards the town of Yeniseysk. Along the way, we received word the hotel there was already occupied by some other faction, so we were diverted slightly north to the quaint little burg of Lesosibirsk.
We arrived, literally landing in the courtyard of the Lesosibirsk hotel. It all worked out as tomorrow, this same helicopter would be ferrying us further north to inspect the drilling rig. Get some rest, we’re wheels-up at 0600.
The hotel in town was absolutely ancient, but well insulated and comfortable. I needed a shower and some shut-eye as jet lag was playing silly buggers with my circadian rhythms. I begged off another dinner here and instead opted for an evening in, sans carousing. I didn’t think there was much carousable in this quaint, little, and distant frozen burg.
The bathtub in the en suite bathroom was a huge, old four-footed cast-iron monstrosity; big enough to take laps in. I filled that sucker with the thermonuclear water from the town’s central steam plant and just soaked there for hours. I oozed my way to the too-short bed and slept the sleep of the jet-lagged righteous.
The next morning, after being outfitted in the best Russian Arctic survival gear, we were shuffled onto the helicopter from last night and spot on 0600 hours, were wheels up heading even farther north.
400 kilometers later, we’re at the rig. The lone caretaker had shoveled off the helicopter landing pad so the blizzard we kicked up was only moderate. We are seriously north. Just below, but not by much, the Arctic Circle.
The caretaker accompanied us with a huge Russian exposed-hammer shotgun. There were all kinds of winter nasties out here and he was here to ensure that we all came back from our trek out to the rig. We spent around 4 hours on the not-terribly-well lighted rig, taking pictures and getting pertinent questions answered. This was the rig that, if all went according to plan, would be drilling our first Joint Venture well.
Back in the caretaker’s shack, he made certain to offer each of us some “Birch Cancer Tea”, which was supposed to be the end all of all cure-alls. It’ll fix anything that’s wrong, and prevent anything from going wrong. Odd flavor, but one could easily get used to it.
We had to get back as the helicopter was slated for other duties the next day. I left the caretaker with a few cigars. He insisted I take a kilo of birch cancer dry tea with me so I could brew some up for all back home.
We flew back to Lesosibirsk and once again, landed in the hotel courtyard. They made certain that I knew that I could keep all the Russian survival gear. It was either out of concern that I was not terribly bright and didn’t know cold could kill you or it was to cover up my horrible Hawaiian shirt.
We spent the next four days at the Eniseigeofizika office, going over particulars of the well, the rig, and the Joint Venture. I met with the Chief of the company, Dr. Naftavaje Radovišča, who was extremely helpful in deciphering and adding to the mass of data I’ve collected. Another dossier went into my field book.
I had maxed out on data and realized I needed to get to a phone and call home.
This would have to wait until I returned to Moscow. International connections out here in the bush were very limited and very rare.
Then disaster. They ran out of fuel at the Yeniseysk airport. It would take at least two or three more days to get fuel enough to fly back to Moscow. I told them that this was not really convenient. What were our alternatives? Could we try another, larger airport?
It was decided to commandeer a bus and drive the 350 kilometers to Krasnoyarsk. They were a regional hub and if anyone had fuel, it would be them.
The next day and a half was spent in a barely controlled skid from Lesosibirsk south to Krasnoyarsk. The bus carried two drivers, six Siberians, Gizmo the translator, one confused American, and cases of beer, vodka, and cognac. I think there was some food in there as well, never did find out. All our luggage followed us in a trailer that looked to be a recently converted horse trailer. It smelled like one as well.
The ‘road’ could barely qualify as an intershire turnpath. We had to stop several times to clear snowdrifts from the roadway to allow us passage. We did stop every hour or so to stretch our legs and liberally irrigate the scenery. My comrades complained about the howling wind and -450 C temperatures. I wanted to hang around outside as the bus was heated to bread-baking temperatures.
Back on the road again, I decided I wanted something a little different. I broke out my last bottle of Wild Turkey 101 Rye Whiskey. The bus grew silent. None of these characters have ever before sampled something so unusual. Besides, our vodka and beer supply was dwindling.
Say what you want about Russians and their capacities, but the Wild Turkey poleaxed every single one of them. They were all snoring before the bottle completed a second pass around.
I snorted something derisive and went up to chat with the driver and see if I could arrange for a pit stop. It was so hot in there, I was sweating. I probably should have bundled up some more, but I just stood outside in the Siberian outback, reveling in the cold, ice, and snow.
It was refreshing.
Since the rest of the crew was out for the count, the driver made an unscheduled stop in some nameless Siberian village. He resupplied our beer and vodka, found some fresh bread, smoked fish, and oddly enough, kilos of local chocolate. Another hour later and the bus began to stir once again. I asked if they wanted another snort of my dangerous brown liquor and everyone refused.
We finally careen into Krasnoyarsk, and we’re back at the Party Hotel. I just had my bags taken to my room. I sat outside in a down vest, Hawaiian shirt, cargo shorts, and field boots smoking a cigar and appreciating the -400 C weather. I had to relieve myself of all that heat from the bus trip.
The next day, Vadim, the Manager of the Siberian company with whom we were to construct the JV with told me some disturbing news. We couldn’t fly directly to Moscow due to weather. We could, however, divert to Elista, the capital of Kalmykia, in the Caucuses. From there, we could secure a flight directly to Moscow he assured me.
Rather than sit in Siberia waiting on a load of fuel to arrive, I decided that I’d make the trip to Kalmykia. Hell, it was better than sitting on my elbows here doing nothing but waiting.
I dispensed all the cigarettes, hams, and remaining calculators to my new comrades before Vadim and I departed. They were ready for me this time, as I took receipt of six different Russian military watches. Little did they realize this was the beginning of a huge collection to come.
We flew to Elista, Kalmykia, near Chechnya and Dagestan in the Caucuses. It seemed such an oddly specific request by Vadim, but he would know better than I how this was all supposed to work. We made it there in great time, and being further south, it we could actually see the sun.
He had arranged for our luggage to be picked up. When we arrived, he shuttled us off in a government vehicle. I grew slightly concerned.
“Vadim” I asked, “What’s the deal? Why are we leaving the airport?”
“Doctor, I am sorry for the subterfuge”, he said, “As you have surmised already, I do have ulterior motives.”
Not exactly what you want to hear when you’re over 10,000 miles from home and a stranger in a very strange land.
We wheel into a fairly plush sort of walled building complex. Vadim explains that he wants me to meet with the Head of the Republic of Kalmykia – one Vicktor Basanov.
I raise an eyebrow, “Why?”
He explains that Kalmykia is an autonomous republic, and as such is included in a ‘Free Market Zone’. Although they officially report to Moscow and are part of the Soviet Union, they can see what’s going to happen. They want to start now to establish projects and deals with Western companies. Particularly Western oil companies.
“Oh,” I say, relieved, “Why didn’t you say so? Why all the chicanery?”
“We still have many enemies, internal and external. I need to know whom I can trust. Doctor Rock, you I can trust.” He says emphatically.
“That you can, Vadim” I reply, “Just next time, clue me in before kidnapping me.”
We both chuckle over that as we are escorted into the palace of the Head of the Republic of Kalmykia.
We are warmly greeted. Vadim has obviously been busy with something other than just the Siberian oil industry.
Mr. Basanov greets me in particular, saying how he’s heard of my exploits and even compliments me on my fashion sense. If this isn’t pump-priming, it’s the prelude to butter-balling. He wants a Western oil deal so bad he can taste it.
Now, Kalmykia is a relatively small country, with around 250,000 population. Interestingly enough Kalmykia is the only region in Europe where Buddhism is the most-practiced religion. It produces oil and gas, but therein lies the tale. Its annual oil production is only about 50,000 metric tonnes. However, that oil is metalliferous and very, very waxy.
He walks us through Kalmyk oil industry history and shows us samples of the crude produced. I’m taking furious notes and asking innumerable questions. Everyone’s all hyped up. This could actually lead somewhere.
Mr. Basanov declares we can only get a limited idea of the potential that lies here in Kalmykia’s oilfields. We need a field trip. Would our schedules allow for such?
“In for a dime, in for a dollar”, I say. Once that’s translated and agreed upon, we’re in a Yak-20 Soviet spotter plane, slowly fighting the fierce Caspian Sea coastal headwinds. I look down to the ground which we are only 100 or so feet above. It’s an absolutely flat coastal plain. Bucking this headwind, I figure as the trees below slowly parade under us, we’re doing about 20 miles per hour, ground speed.
“Would it help if I got out and pushed?” I asked.
Mr. Basanov, in the left-hand seat, looks to me, smiles, and says “It might.”
We all have a good laugh.
We land at a small airfield just adjacent to an even smaller oil field.
We walk from the plane to one of the wells. There are piles and piles of black, gooey glop alongside every wellhead.
I already know what they are, but keep mum as to not spoil Mr. Basanov’s little surprise.
“You know what these are?” he asks, rhetorically. We say nothing.
“They are piles of natural mineral wax. Our oil is cursed with a high degree of both metals and wax. It used to present a huge problem. But we have found a solution!” He beams.
“OK, we’re waiting”, I think to myself.
“What can you make with wax?” he asks.
“Well, there are crayons, sculptures, candles…” we reply.
“That’s it! Exactly. Candles. Now, who has a need for a large supply of candles?” he asks further.
We think but say nothing.
“The Vatican!” he laughs. “They use incredible numbers of candles.”
“Hmmm”, we hmmmed”, “Very interesting.”
“And we have just signed a protocol to supply the Vatican with candles for the next 25 years!” he says triumphantly.
“Fantastic!” we both say, “That’s amazing.” It really was. Making chicken salad out of chicken shit, as it were.
“Not only that”, he continues, “But we have just finished a protocol with the adjacent Republic of Dagestan to have exclusive use of their new refinery. It can handle our crudes, extracting all the metals and supplying diesel, jet fuel, petrol, asphalt…”
“That’s great” we respond.
“Plus, we can sell the nickel, chromium, vanadium and other metals we mine from our crudes.” He says, “It is a veritable…”
“…bird nest on the ground!” I finish his sentence for him.
Mr. Basanov looks at me, smiles widely, and says, “Yes! Exactly! I like that idiom! Thank you, Doctor.”
“My pleasure,” I tell him.
We wander around the fields as I take samples for future analysis back in Houston. Vadim is all excited as he’s somehow in on the ground floor of all this. I’m thinking this could be a company maker for the right company, like the one I work for.
Back in the Yak, we fly back to Elista and Mr. Basanov’s palace. We make great time with the gusting Caspian tailwinds.
We are feted an extravagant banquet. Mostly lamb, rice, shashlik, and fruit. And lots and lots of vodka, beer, and cognac.
I ask questions about the proposed structure of a Joint Venture deal with a Western partner.
“Doctor Rock,” Mr. Basanov says “I want it as simple as possible. A 50/50 JV with a Western partner. For due consideration, they would have access to any and all data. Plus they would have exclusive exploration and production rights to the entire republic. Everything 50/50, right down the line, even the metals sales.”
I am writing furiously. This has all the earmarks of one great deal. Easy access, ports to the south, existing infrastructure, existing production… The Dagestan refinery, metal sales, and Vatican deal are but frosting on a very sweet cake, indeed.
I ask for samples of seismic and well data and it was immediately produced. This could rank right up there with our Siberian dealings. In some ways, it will be with many of the same people.
We are asked to stay the night and accept. We’re visibly tired and I could use a little downtime. An official car is obtained to take us directly to the airport tomorrow for our flight to Moscow. No mucking about in departures, he’ll ensure our seats and ensure our luggage is on the plane before it leaves. We are to go directly from his palace to the plane.
Now that’s VIP treatment.
I don’t know how, but since my schedule’s been all shot to hell and back with the fueling problems, he makes certain I have connections directly to Amsterdam. He wishes he could make certain everything was taken care of all the way to Houston, but his power extends only so far.
We spend the night as his guest and learn not to make idle wishes become known. Vadim wanted a cold beer and the next thing you know, a case appears in his room. I broke my pencil and remarked that next time, I should be certain to pack a sharpener, not just a knife. A gross of sharpened pencils appeared as if by magic.
We are ready to depart when we meet with Mr. Basanov for the final time. We exchange pleasantries and make certain we all have each other’s contact information. Over toasts, we are wished health, happiness, and excellent business dealings.
We are both presented ornate carved wooden boxes as parting gifts. I part with my Ray-Bans in the standard until-we-meet-again departing gesture.
It’s OK, I have a couple of pairs of knock-offs in my well case.
We are whisked to the airport and ushered into the VIP seating on the plane. In three hours, were landing at Domodedovo Airport. We are greeted by an envoy that will gather our luggage.
Mine will be sent to Sheremetyevo Airport, and on to Royal Dutch Airlines. Vadim’s going back to Krasnoyarsk. There’s precious little time, so we shake hands and exchange pleasantries. He heads off to Siberia and I’m hurtling along in an official Kalmykian staff car through the streets of Moscow.
It’s an easy 2.5 hour trip from Domodedovo to Sheremetyevo Airport in Moscow overland. I settle back and ask if I can smoke in here. The driver informs me it is if I so desire.
I fire up a heater and sit back, watching the scenery flash by. My driver fires up an awful Russian cigarette. I offer him a Cuban cigar and he almost wrecks us in his attempt to secret it away. I decide there’s no way I’m facing the rest of this sober, thank you very much, so I dig out my emergency flask. It’s been tapped, but it has enough content for the remainder of the trip.
We arrive at the airport and there’s a courtesy cart waiting for me, with all my luggage. They will be taking me directly to my flight, none of this mucking about in departures…
They hand me my boarding card and go to grab my well case.
“No, that’s OK” I tell him, “I’ll handle this, if you don’t mind.”
I’ve got enough confidential material with me to probably start a small war. Between several countries.
I am deposited at the foot of the big blue 747-400. I am given my luggage claim tags, boarding passes, and onward tickets. I am asked to produce my passport and it is stamped right there at the foot of the aircraft. I’m all legal and ready to go.
I look at my seat allocation and it’s B-4, my favorite Business Class seat. I stuff my well case into the overhead compartment and go to plop into my seat for the four-hour flight. But I can’t, there’s a package there.
It’s addressed to “Doctor Rock” and stamped with the official seal of the Republic of Kalmykia. Ok, I guess it is mine.
I shift it over to an adjacent seat and proceed to get comfortable. I’ve forgotten about the intricately carved box Vadim and I were presented in the palace. However, I retrieve this current package and carefully open it.
In it there two bracelets, two necklaces, all of the finest silver and emeralds. Kalmykia’s famous for its emeralds. There are two books in English all about the history and geology of Kalmykia. Plus there’s two traditional dressing gowns made of the finest silk. Heavily brocaded, in that one-size-fits-all draping local costumes tend toward. Intense colors, and incredible stitching. These were articles created by a master craftsperson.
There is also a note: “Doctor Rock. So pleased to have you visit our republic. Please accept these gifts for your wife and Mother-in-law. I do so hope we will meet again soon to further our potential joint projects. Best regards, Vicktor Basanov. P.S., Please ask the cabin attendant for the item she’s keeping for you.”
He was the nicest Head of a Republic I’ve met to date. I had mentioned Esme and Oma, but only briefly; with business dealings, there really wasn’t much time. This character was one sharp cookie.
The package also went into the overhead compartment. The cabin crew produced a double potato juice and citrus, heavy ice, single lime for me. They had thought of everything.
We’re flying along, westward this time toward Amsterdam. The flights crowded, but there a couple of spare seats here in Business. I’m finally winding down from my whirlwind Kalmykia tour when I think that it’s OK to take a look at the data I’ve accumulated. I drag down my well case and see the heavily ornate and intricately carved wooden box I received from Mr. Basanov.
My curiosity needed to be sated on other things, so I tuck it back in a safe recess of my well case and drag out the Kalmyk data. Even this needed to wait, I‘ve got to go over the Siberian data I collected in Moscow.
Then, another thought, Agents Rack and Ruin. I pull out a fresh field notebook and begin to detail my unexpected trip to Kalmykia. Mr. Basanov is the de facto head of state there, so I’m sure my Langley-based buddies would be interested in any Intel I could provide.
“Intel?” Gad, I think. “I’ve been infected with an agency virus.”
The flight passed quickly and we land, ever so gently, in Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport.
I gather all the debris I’ve generated in the last four hours and stuff it back into my secure well case. I’ll go over the rest of this on the nine-hour flight to Houston. I’ve got a four-hour layover here, maybe I can get some of it done on the ground instead of in the air.
I’m about to deplane, when one of the cabin crew stops me and says she has something that was sent to the plane before I arrived. Evidently it needed to be kept chilled for best effect.
She hands me a frosty bottle of Kalmyk Sombucha, which was a fortified fermented tea drink. Evidently, it’s the drink of choice, in this and various other incarnations, of the predominantly Buddhist community in Kalmykia.
Loaded down, I toddle off the plane and make a bee-line to the departures board. I find my next departure gate and trundle over to the hemi-Buckminsterfullerene-shaped hut closest.
However, first, some calls. I call home but Esme is taking another nap. I talk with Oma and let her know where I am and that I should be walking through the front door in some 15 hours. I ask if everything is OK, and Oma assures me that Khris and Lady are fine and Esme is just tired. Ok, I suppose pregnancy’s very taxing. I didn’t really give two shits about the cat.
Then I call work and inform the boss fella of my past few day’s activities. I keep everything low-key and on the QT. He’s pleased I’m returning and have scored a major data coup. He says he’ll see me when I get back to the office. He knows I’ll be jetlagged to hell and back and expects me to take a day or two to recover before coming into the office. Since I’m the only one that can make sense of the data, he says he’ll wait until we both can show up together.
Now, I’ve got to re-arrange things, I’ve got so much to carry. I find an empty table in the bar and spread out the non-confidential contents of my well case. Luckily, the have table service, so I am able to secure a cold drink to aid me in my packing.
I ask the bartender for a few plastic bags as I want to sequester things according to geography. Eastern Siberia? In bag #1. Kalmykia? Bag #2. Moscow items? Bag #3. Personal effects? Bag #4 Miscellaneous? Bags #5-9.
I finally get my shit together, in several senses of the idiom, and settle back with the Moscow field notebook. I review what I’ve written, and edit some of the more ‘unclear’ points. Another drink arrives and I’m feeling much more in control of thing. Finally, order, organization and non-chaos. I settle back, relax, and fire up a heater. I’m almost on my last leg home, I can hardly wait to see my family again.
The layover passes quickly and I get in a serious amount of editing and reorganizing my notes. I can whack out dossiers on everyone without any trouble. My agency buddies will be so pleased.
My flight is called so I wander over, show my passport and boarding card and I’m down the jetway and to my seat. B-4 again. How nice. I am offered a pre-flight cocktail without even asking. I do so like this airlines.
We take off, right on time, and suddenly the reality of my running around these last couple of weeks hit me like a sledgehammer.
“Ah, I didn’t want to see that movie anyway.” I think and ditch the headphones.
After a quick nosh, I’m doing everything to avoid having my eyelids smash together. I’m tired, comfortable, the roar of the four Pratt and Whitney’s outside provide a calming white noise. Next thing I know, I’m sawing lumber.
I’m in New Mexico. I’m out in the field, I know that, but don’t recognize the exact locale. I’m not supposed to be here, but yet, here I am.
I hear a voice:
Kǫʼ dził-hastiin.”
“Sani?” I am sore perplexed. What the hell is he doing here in Siberia?
Wait, I was in Siberia, then Amsterdam. Now I’m in New Mexico.
“Sani?” No reply, at least I think there is none.
Then a disembodied voice: “Kǫʼ dził-hastiin. We will speak with thee.”
Cautiously, “OK”.
“There is sad news… about Hweʼesdzáán dził Kǫʼhastiin.” I am told.
“What happened to Esme? Tell me!” I yell to them.
“She will be fine. It was not time, once again.” I was told.
“Enough with the fucking riddles. Tell me...” the penny drops. “Oh, fuck, no. No. NO!”
Suddenly, realization. It hit me like a runaway truck. We lost the baby…
“We grieve with thee, Kǫʼ dził-hastiin. Do not give in to regret. All will be as it was foreseen. You must have patience. This is what we have been told. As was foreseen, so it will be.”
I awaken with a sudden start and scare the shit out of the straights in Business Class. Jennifer, the cabin attendant, comes over and asks if I’m OK. Evidently I’ve been a bit noisy, thrashing around while I was snoozing.
“Rock, you look like you’ve seen a ghost. “ Jennifer says.
“I don’t know, Jen. I think I heard much worse.” I tell her.
I’m shaken to my very core. Maybe it wasn’t a vision or visitation or whatever you want to call it. Maybe it was fatigue, or whadd’ya call it? A fitful dream?
Hallucination? Fantasy? Delirium? Anything, please, other than reality.
The flight continues and I’m conflicted. What to do? Call home immediately upon landing? Wait until I get home to see what the fuck is going on, if anything? My mind is in a Mixmaster. For once, I really don’t know what to do. My multiple working hypothesis was failing me in a time of intense emotions.
We land at Houston intergalactic, and at least this part requires little thinking, which is good as I’m on auto-pilot. Off the plane. Get your luggage. Find a cab. Get your ass home.
Still. Do I call home now or wait?
I decide to wait. If the unthinkable has happened again, there’s no need for me to know now. Two hours won’t make any difference either way.
Off the plane and down to luggage. I really need a cart, I’ve got so much shit to schlep…
“Doctor Rocknocker!” I hear a familiar voice behind me.
Oh, fuck. It’s my agency buddies, Agents Rack, and Ruin.
“Hey, guys. What the hell are you doing here?” I ask, frostily.
“Oh, nice. We heard about your little side trip and wanted to be the first to congratulate you. We’ve been trying to get info on that republic for years. You go and are given the Red Carpet Treatment.” Agent Ruin says.
“Yeah, all it took was a little kidnapping…” I reply.
“Kidnapping?” Agent Ruin asks.
“Read it in my report. Now, I really need to get home.” I tell them.
“Yeah. We heard about Esme. Sorry, man.” Agent Rack says.
I turn very slowly and stare him right in the eye.
“What…did…you…say…?” I asked, ready to go into full homicide mode.
“Oh, shit. I didn’t think…You hadn’t heard? Esme miscarried six days ago. She’ll be fine, but…Man, I am sorry, I didn’t think. How could you have known?” he says, genuinely sorry.
I just drop everything. I feel like I’ve been gut shot. I just want to collapse. We lost another baby. Esme must be devastated. Oma and Esme conspired not to tell me so to spare me the misery on the flights home. I don’t know whether to break down into a puddle, punch the two agents in the nose, or wind my watch.
“Doctor? Rock, are you OK” Agent Ruin asks.
I regain some small amount of composure. I think back to my last flight and what was told to me.
“That’s OK, guys. Just took me off guard. How could you know?” I say, utterly defeated.
“OK, let’s get your shit. We’ll drive you home.” Agent Ruin says.
I look to them, shake my head, smirk, and say “Fair enough”.
We’re heading west on the freeway when I ask the Agents to exit early. There’s a shop I want to stop at first.
We finally reach home and the Agents just basically dump me and all my crap in the driveway.
“We don’t want to interfere.” Agent Rack says.
“Why stop now?” I reply.
We shake hands and I confirm I’ll have their reports presently. ’Presently’ currently being undefined.
They agree and depart.
I ring the doorbell and am promptly creamed by Lady. She seems a little happy to see me.
Esme and Oma appear from behind the door. They can recognize with one look that I know their little secret.
“Why?” I ask.
“We’ll talk later. Let’s get all this stuff in the house first.” Esme says.
“No. First, tell me. You are OK?” I plead.
“Yes, Rock. I’m OK. Both mentally and physically.” She says.
“Well”, I wanly smile, “that makes one of us.”
We drag in all my crap and dump it in my office. I’m too tired, too wired, too fried to do much anything else.
There’s a knock at the door. Oma answers.
I am hugging Esme so hard it’s like if I let go, I’d lose her.
I tell her, “This international crap it too difficult right now. Until we get a certain few things sorted, I’m sticking to domestic contracts.”
“Rock, not now. Let’s have a sit-down. You look like you could sleep standing up. I’m OK, so let’s just go from there.” she says.
“OK, dear. You’re right, I really don’t need the extra drama right now.” I say.
We go into the dining room as Oma puts the finishing touches on the huge bouquet of yellow roses I ordered for Esme on the way home.
“Yellow roses. Your favorite. Represent hope.” I say.
Esme clouds up and almost begins bawling. I’m right behind her in that department. Oma sniffles a bit, too.
We recover and I opt for a strong drink. Oma has her favorite tea and Esme opts for one of the orange Fantas I smuggled back from Siberia.
“Sweet, innit?” I ask her.
“Good Lord, it’s like drinking orange-flavored straight glucose syrup.” She tells me.
“Oh, I’ve got a few things for y’all.” I recalled and get my well case.
Then I remember Esme and Oma don’t even know of my side trip to Kalmykia. Over the next couple of hours, I fill them in on that adventure.
I ask Esme to choose a number, 1, or 2. She chooses two so she gets gown #2. Oma receives Kalmyk gown #1.
Although Oma drowns in her dressing gown, she loves it. Esme can easily alter it to fit her better. Esme looks absolutely stunning in her purple, red, and yellow silk dressing gown. I distribute the necklaces and bracelets. They are very happy with their gifts.
I have several gifts for Khris from Siberia, Moscow, and Kalmykia. But she’s sleeping now so that can wait a little while.
I’m going through my well case to see if I missed anything.
I find the carved Buddhist wooden box Mr. Basanov gave us before we left. I had forgotten clean about it. I hand it to Esme.
She examines it and asks what it is.
I tell her I don’t know, just an intricately carved box, covered with weird calligraphs, hieroglyphs, and runes.
Oma looks at it and says it’s quite heavy for wood. She points out a tab on the bottom. She presses it and it pops the box open like a large box of wooden matches.
She hands it back to Esme and I tell her “Open it, I have no idea what’s in there.”
She does and extracts a bronze statue.
“What the actual…?” I mumble aloud.
Esme, Oma, and I look at the stature. It’s obviously Buddha, sitting, with a female facing him, on his lap. It’s extraordinary, incredibly detailed and appears to be quite old.
We refer to our Encyclopedia Britannica and find out it’s a Buddha & Shakti Statue.
It’s nice, in a weird sort of way. We continue to read the encyclopedia entry and come across: “This harmonious statue depicts Buddha and Shakti in an intimate embrace. Their union evokes balance between the active, masculine figure of compassion (karuna) and skillful method (upaya), and the passive, feminine figure of wisdom (prajna). ** It is commonly used to promote fertility.**”
I look to Es and she looks back. I’ve told her about my New Mexico dream on the plane.
She says: “Well, if we have Sani and his crowd and now Buddha pulling for us, maybe things will eventually work out.”
“Perhaps it wasn’t time, this time,” I say. “However, there will be a next time. I was told it has been foreseen.”
Only time will tell.
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2019.09.24 16:49 Fortinbraz Today's 11 AdjectiveNoun bots

Another day, another set of 11 16 AdjectiveNoun bots, mostly born in late August. A few hours ago, they made 1 or 2 reposts with an optional reposted comment.
Edit: Found five more (* indicates new since original post)
Account Repost Original Subreddit
Pitiful_Type (banned) Repost Original /mildlyinteresting
Repost Original /oddlysatisfying
Repost Original /mildlyinfuriating
TastySea (banned) Repost Original /firstworldanarchists
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2019.09.18 12:38 TheWCAOfficial WCA Competition Announcement Thread for Week 37 of 2019

Hi /cubers!
Here is the list of competitions announced since Wednesday 2019-09-11. For more information please visit the corresponding websites :)
Disclaimer: continents correspond to the WCA interpretation. The full list can be found here.
(Dates are year-month-day)


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
China Ezhou, Hubei Ezhou Open 2019 2019-11-16 2019-11-17 Link
China Lanzhou, Gansu Lanzhou Autumn 2019 2019-10-27 2019-10-27 Link
China Luoyang, Henan Luoyang Open 2019 2019-10-20 2019-10-20 Link
China Wuhan, Hubei Wuhan Autumn 2019 2019-10-13 2019-10-13 Link
India Hyderabad, Telangana Cubing ATMOSphere 2019 2019-10-19 2019-10-20 Link
Japan Nishinomiya, Hyogo Kansai Big Cubes 2019 2019-11-23 2019-11-23 Link


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Romania Sebes Sebes Autumn 2019 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Link
Russia Novosibirsk Novosibirsk Tech Library 2019 2019-10-11 2019-10-12 Link
Russia Volzhskiy Volga Open 2019 2019-12-21 2019-12-22 Link
Sweden Södertälje Södertälje New Year 2020 2020-01-04 2020-01-04 Link
Ukraine Dnepr Dnepr Puzzles Fest 2019 2019-10-19 2019-10-20 Link

Multiple Cities

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Multiple Multiple Cities FMC Americas 2019 2019-11-17 2019-11-17 Link

North America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Canada Trois-Rivières, Quebec Trois-Rivieres 2019 2019-10-19 2019-10-19 Link
Canada Vancouver, British Columbia Big Blind UBC 2019 2019-11-17 2019-11-17 Link
Canada White Rock, British Columbia South Surrey Side Events 2019 2019-11-02 2019-11-02 Link
United States El Cajon, California Grossmont Fall 2019 2019-12-14 2019-12-14 Link
United States Hartland, Wisconsin Lake Country Fall 2019 2019-10-20 2019-10-20 Link
United States New Brighton, Minnesota Mini Minnesota Fall 2019 2019-11-16 2019-11-17 Link
United States Reno, Nevada Reno Fall In Memoriam 2019 2019-10-19 2019-10-19 Link
United States San Jose, California Bay Area Speedcubin' 21 2019 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 Link
United States Stony Brook, New York SBU Fall 2019 2019-11-23 2019-11-23 Link
United States Tonawanda, New York Ken-Ton Cubing 2019 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Link

South America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Bolivia Potosi Potosi Spring 2019 2019-10-27 2019-10-27 Link
Brazil Feira de Santana, Bahia Oxente Open 2019 2019-10-13 2019-10-13 Link
Brazil Vitória da Conquista, Bahia Conquiste o Cubo 2019 2019-10-26 2019-10-27 Link
Peru Trujillo El Norte Cubea Perú 2019 2019-11-09 2019-11-09 Link
Venezuela Barquisimeto NxN Barquisimeto 2019 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Link
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2019.07.22 13:06 ivan_stankevich Ivan Stankevich

Ivan Stankevich
A career as an actor, a movie
Date of birth - November 9, 1981
Age - 37 years
Place of birth - Pavlovsk, Russia
Height: 174.
Marital status - married.


Ivan Stankevich is a popular young actor who has established himself as a cinematographic and theatrical works. During his acting career Stankevich starred in dozens of projects, becoming a popular movie actor.

Among the artist's brightest works are serials "Zastava Zhilina", "Kotovsky" and youth comedy "Ticket for VEGAS".

Childhood and youth

Ivan Stankevich was born on November 9, 1981 in the village of Pavlovsk. Father Sergey Alekseevich was a private entrepreneur whose business was connected with the sale of a car. The boy's mother, Olga Mikhailovna, was a Merited Artist of Russia and an actress of the Globe Youth Theatre. Ivan - the youngest child in the family, in addition to him, the spouses Stankevich has a daughter, Alena, who also followed in the footsteps of her mother and became an actress of the theater.

The boy grew up obedient and problem-free child, but after the family moved to Novosibirsk in 1994, the character of Ivan underwent significant changes. The guy hooliganized and got into fights, forcing his mother to worry and wait for trouble almost every night. Adolescent age had a negative impact on the school success of the future actor.

In the life of a young man was 2 serious hobbies: sports and theater. To be engaged in Greco-Roman wrestling Ivan Stankevich has begun at the age of 7 years and has reached in this business considerable successes, becoming the winner of the Cup of Karelia among youth. But at the age of 14 the guy had to give up his sports career due to an injury: the young athlete fell on the mat, having received a fracture of two cervical vertebrae. By a miracle, Stankevich escaped paralysis after an injury and was forced to lie on a stretch for another 2 months, and then wear a special medical corset for a year.

After these events, Stankevich's passion for the theater came first, which predetermined his further biography. He actively participated in amateur groups at school and attended performances of his mother, sometimes playing episodic roles in them.

After the 9th grade, full of school life, the future actor decided to enter the theater school. Olga Mikhailovna was sympathetic to her son's decision, but Ivan's hooligan nature played a cruel joke with him, and on the 2nd year of the school the guy was expelled because of a fight.

Stankevich decided to move to St. Petersburg, where he entered the St. Petersburg Academy of Theatre Art on the course of G. Trostyanetsky and Y. Butusov. Ivan successfully graduated from the Academy in 2002.


Ivan Stankevich started filming early. On the 3rd year he made his debut in the film "Pirates of Edelweiss", where he played Carl Ripke, a participant in the anti-fascist movement in Germany. In this tape, the guy was caught quite unexpectedly: he noticed his assistant on the set of actors, when Ivan with a bruise under his eye smoking near the hostel.

After moving to Moscow, the actor started shooting in the series "Cadets", where he played with Andrei Chadov. The film appeared on the screens in 2004 and was warmly received by the audience. After participating in two successful films Ivan began to be invited to many other projects.

In 2006, Ivan Stankevich was accepted into the troupe of the Moscow theatre "Sovremennik". His negative attitude towards the theatre has changed due to his talented teacher at the Moscow Art Theatre School and director Kirill Serebrennikov. The first work of the actor was the role of Julius Caesar in the play "Antony and Cleopatra". Thanks to the patience and skill of Serebrennikov Ivan managed to get rid of the jamming on the stage and fully reveal the creative potential.

In 2007, Stankevich took part in the production of "Woe from Wit" under the direction of director Rimas Tuminas, where the actor received the role of Chatsky. The audience reacted differently to the image of Ivan, then giving him a round of applause, then remaining bewildered by his game. In the same year, the artist played in other performances: "Three Sisters", "Three Comrades" and "Gentleman".

Collection of roles in the movies by Stankevich was also successfully replenished. In the melodrama "All not by chance" he played with Karina Razumovskaya. In the comedy "Three and Snowflake" starred in the company of Ivan Urgant and Daniil Spivakovsky. Among the actor's works appears a mystical thriller "Testament of the Night" and a military picture "Zastava Zhilina". The filmography of the artist was decorated with such rating projects as the series "Kotovsky", a drama by Garik Sukachev "House of the Sun". The youth audience remembered Stankevich's work in the comedies "Ticket for VEGAS" and "Diamond in Chocolate".

In 2011, the artist tried his hand at directing, shooting the first short film "Seventh". The script for the film was written by Stankevich himself, he also became the producer of the project, and the premiere of the film took place at the festival "Kinotavr".

In 2013, the actor's collection was enriched with a role in the film biography of the famous singer and restaurateur Peter Leshchenko. Everything that was...". Ivan Stankevich played the main character in his youth, a mature Peter Leshchenko embodied on the screen Konstantin Khabensky. The artists have similar facial features, almost the same height (174 cm at Stankevich at a weight of 76 kg, 172 - at Khabensky), a close manner of play, due to the study in the same theater academy. The similarity of actors who were able to play one person in the picture, not hiding from the eyes of viewers.

Instantly there were rumors about the relationship between Stankevich and Khabensky. Stankevich can not be the son of Habensky because of too little age difference, so fans focused on the version that the actors - brothers. These rumors artists do not comment on in any way. Ivan knows about the similarity with Khabensky, but does not consider this comparison to be offensive or insulting.

In 2014, Ivan played a major role in the criminal melodrama "Know me if you can". The role of Alice, the bride of his hero, played by Eugene Loza. The plot of the picture the protagonist Ilya, his fiancée and friends are forced to help Alice's father rob a casino to find money for the treatment of the girl's younger sister.

In 2015, Stankevich received the lead role in another criminal film "Second Life". The drama tells the story of a girl who has to witness the case of a gang of robbers. Criminals are trying to kill the main witness, but she is accidentally rescued by a former Emergencies Ministry captain, who played Ivan. Later it turns out that the same robbers are to blame for the death of the rescuer's wife and daughter, and the main characters unite to achieve justice.

In the same year, the actor took part in the shooting of the historical drama "Men and women", based on the period of collectivization and dispossession in the 20-30 years of the last century, but the picture never came out on the screens.

Soon the actor's creative destiny came to a difficult period. In 2015, the artist resigned from the Sovremennik Theatre. According to Ivan, for a long time he did not take his work seriously, so during his career he lost the authority of his colleagues. The man decided to deal with what had happened. He went to Altai, where he found a job with the youth theater troupe.

In his native land Stankevich plunged into directing work, together with young actors staged performances. For 2 years Ivan lived on a salary of 20 thousand rubles in a small apartment. After returning to Moscow, the actor was able to recover in the theater and immediately receive several proposals from filmmakers.

In 2017, Ivan began shooting in the film "Crimea", a genre which is designated as a saga. The film is about the reunification of two families - Russian and Crimean Tatar. The main roles were distributed among actors Elizabeth Saksina, Fedor Dobronravov, Konstantin Kryukov, Anton Makarsky, and Artur Smolyaninov.

Personal life

The actor's first love was Dasha Zyabko, whom Ivan met at school age. Serious relationship with Stankevich began with Anna Chalenko, his classmate. But love passed when the actor decided to move to St. Petersburg, and his girlfriend stayed home. The young people decided not to support the relationship at a distance.

Being an actor of the theater, Ivan met his future wife, actress Marina Alexandrova. Before officially registering the relationship, the actors met for a year, and in 2008, played a wedding.

Over time, the relationship began to deteriorate rapidly. Although the young family tried to solve conflict situations at home, scandals and quarrels began to appear and during working hours. The spouses went to different apartments and then put up with each other again. Their marriage lasted 2 years, after which the couple still decided to divorce. The divorce had a saving effect on their relationship - Ivan and Marina remained good friends.

In 2011, during the shooting of the comedy "My crazy family! Ivan met with a young actress Aglaia Shilovskaya, who was a granddaughter of the famous director Vsevolod Shilovsky. Their relationship was developing rapidly and after a month there were rumors that the couple was planning to play a wedding. However, the novel was fleeting, and the information about the upcoming marriage was not confirmed.

After parting with Aglaia Ivan decided not to advertise his relationship with the girls. The actor put off plans for the time of family life and the birth of children. Perhaps he was prevented by excessive love - at social events, he appeared each time with a new passion.

After a creative break, returning to Moscow, Ivan Stankevich managed to arrange a personal life. In the capital, he met a girl, Elena Vlasova, who works as an economist and also tries to be a model and TV presenter. Beauty struck the heart of the actor, and in the summer of 2018 it became known that Ivan married the lady.

A month after the wedding ceremony, the couple went on a wedding journey to the Dominican Republic. Romantic photos taken during the trip, later appeared on the page of the bride in "Instagram".

Ivan Stankevich is now

Now, in addition to "Sovremennik", the actor cooperates with the "Modern Theatre of Entrepreneurship". During the year, the actor visited the cities of Belarus and the Far East with the production of "Do not be afraid to be happy," based on the play "My poor Marat" by Alexei Arbuzov.

The play touched upon the military theme, which was close to Ivan Stankevich. He also liked the acting ensemble, which, in addition to him, included Ivan Zhidkov and Olga Kuzmina.

Employment in the theater does not prevent the actor to build a movie career. Stebunov began shooting in the detective series of NTV channel "Spy number 1", where he will appear in the title role.

In the story of the film, the agents of the U.S. intelligence services in search of the Soviet spy travel to the USSR to bribe to calculate his name. But on the part of the Soviet leadership, a pseudo-traitor is nominated, who is designed to let the Americans on the wrong track. The artist liked the plot of the TV film and the intrigue that persists until the last minutes of the story.


2001 - Edelweiss Pirates
2004 - Cadets
2007 - "Three and Snowflake."
2007 - "Promenade House"
2009 - Zhilin's outpost
2010 - "Kotovsky"
2010 - "House of the Sun"
2011 - "My Crazy Family"
2013 - "Vegas Ticket"
2013 - "Peter Leshchenko. Everything that was..."
2015 - "Second life"
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2019.07.11 13:53 roboticep Stereotaxis Announces the First Graduating Class of the Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program

ST. LOUIS, June 18, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Stereotaxis, Inc. (OTCQX: STXS), the global leader in innovative robotic technologies for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, today announced the first graduating class from its Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program. The Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program is designed to enhance the traditional electrophysiology fellowship by facilitating mastery of robotic magnetic navigation, fostering a global community of the future leaders in the field, and providing fellows with a differentiated and specialized skillset as they advance their medical careers.
Established in 2018, the Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program currently is active at 18 leading medical centers globally and has enrolled 34 electrophysiology fellows. The 2019 graduates of the Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program include:
“We congratulate the pioneering Robotic EP Fellows Class of 2019,” said David Fischel, Stereotaxis Chairman and CEO. “We are excited to celebrate your accomplishments. We recognize and appreciate your leadership in making this novel program a success. Stereotaxis looks forward to continuing to partner with you as you build your careers and improve the lives of patients suffering from arrhythmias.”
About the Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program The Robotic Electrophysiology Fellows Program is an optional addition to a traditional electrophysiology fellowship, allowing forward-thinking electrophysiology fellows to augment their clinical and career development through mastery of robotic skill sets. The program includes hands-on didactic training, navigation simulator training, and live case training. It may be enhanced with additional components such as hands-on heart anatomy sessions, interactions with other fellows enrolled in the program, and participation in meetings of the Society for Cardiac Robotic Navigation. For additional information please visit or send inquiries to [email protected].
About Stereotaxis Stereotaxis is the global leader in innovative robotic technologies designed to enhance the treatment of arrhythmias and perform endovascular procedures. Its mission is the discovery, development and delivery of robotic systems, instruments, and information solutions for the interventional laboratory. These innovations help physicians provide unsurpassed patient care with robotic precision and safety, improved lab efficiency and productivity, and enhanced integration of procedural information. Over 100 issued patents support the Stereotaxis platform. Stereotaxis’ robotic technology has received various regulatory clearances in the United States, European Union, Japan, Canada, China, and elsewhere. For more information, please visit
This press release includes statements that may constitute "forward-looking" statements, usually containing the words "believe”, "estimate”, "project”, "expect" or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements inherently involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Factors that would cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, the Company's ability to raise additional capital on a timely basis and on terms that are acceptable, its ability to continue to manage expenses and cash burn rate at sustainable levels, its ability to continue to work with lenders to extend, repay or refinance indebtedness, or to obtain additional financing, in either case on acceptable terms, continued acceptance of the Company's products in the marketplace, the effect of global economic conditions on the ability and willingness of customers to purchase its systems and the timing of such purchases, competitive factors, changes resulting from healthcare reform in the United States, including changes in government reimbursement procedures, dependence upon third-party vendors, timing of regulatory approvals, and other risks discussed in the Company's periodic and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. By making these forward-looking statements, the Company undertakes no obligation to update these statements for revisions or changes after the date of this release. There can be no assurance that the Company will recognize revenue related to its purchase orders and other commitments in any particular period or at all because some of these purchase orders and other commitments are subject to contingencies that are outside of the Company's control. In addition, these orders and commitments may be revised, modified, delayed or canceled, either by their express terms, as a result of negotiations, or by overall project changes or delays.
Company Contact: David Fischel Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Martin C. Stammer Chief Financial Officer
314-678-6100 [email protected]
Stereotaxis, Inc.
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2019.06.18 12:21 TheWCAOfficial WCA Competition Announcement Thread for Week 24 of 2019

Hi /cubers!
Here is the list of competitions announced since Tuesday 2019-06-11. For more information please visit the corresponding websites :)
Disclaimer: continents correspond to the WCA interpretation. The full list can be found here.
(Dates are year-month-day)


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
China Heze, Shangdong Heze Open 2019 2019-07-21 2019-07-21 Link
China Suzhou, Jiangsu Suzhou Open 2019 2019-08-04 2019-08-04 Link
India Hyderabad, Telangana Deccan Cube Open July 2019 2019-07-14 2019-07-14 Link
Indonesia Jakarta Jakarta Open 2019 2019-07-13 2019-07-14 Link
Iran Tehran Tehran Summer 2019 2019-07-12 2019-07-12 Link
Japan Ota, Tokyo Kurukuru Summer 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 Link
Nepal Pokhara City of Lakes Open 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 Link
Philippines Malabon City, Metro Manila Malabon City Cube Open 2019 2019-07-14 2019-07-14 Link
Republic of Korea 강원도 원주시 (Wonju-si, Gangwon-do) Cube Camp in Wonju 2019 2019-07-20 2019-07-21 Link
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh City Open 2019 2019-07-13 2019-07-14 Link


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Czech Republic Červený Kostelec Kostelec Summer 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-28 Link
France Sens Sens Open 2019 2019-08-10 2019-08-11 Link
Germany Düsseldorf German Big Cube Open 2019 2019-10-26 2019-10-27 Link
Germany Nürnberg Franconia Fall 2019 2019-10-12 2019-10-13 Link
Germany Nürnberg Mental Breakdown Germany 2019 2019-09-14 2019-09-15 Link
Poland Będzin Project Będzin 2019 2019-07-20 2019-07-20 Link
Russia Novosibirsk NSK Cubing Fest 2019 2019-07-19 2019-07-20 Link
Spain Archena, Murcia Archena Open 2019 2019-07-13 2019-07-14 Link
Spain Bilbao Bilbao Open 2019 2019-08-31 2019-09-01 Link

North America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Guatemala Salamá, Baja Verapaz Teletón Salamá 2019 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 Link
United States Boise, Idaho Boise 2019 2019-11-02 2019-11-02 Link
United States Grapevine, Texas Dallas Warm Up 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-28 Link
United States Sandy, Utah PBQtah Sandy Summer 2019 2019-07-20 2019-07-20 Link
United States Tacoma, Washington Puget Sound Summer 2019 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Link
United States West Branch, Iowa West Branch Summer 2019 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 Link


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Australia Melbourne, Victoria Altona Algorithms 2019 2019-10-05 2019-10-06 Link

South America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Brazil Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Cubo Uai Belo Horizonte Open 2019 2019-07-20 2019-07-21 Link
Brazil Jacareí, São Paulo V ETEC Jacareí Open 2019 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Link
Brazil Manaus, Amazonas Manaus Cubo Plaza Open II 2019 2019-09-14 2019-09-15 Link
Brazil Serra, Espírito Santo Mestre Álvaro 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-28 Link
Brazil Teresina, Piauí Teresina Open 2019 2019-08-24 2019-08-25 Link
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2019.06.14 11:03 pam_genis Lithium Metal Market Future Scenario, Growth rate, Market Segmentation, and Industrial Opportunities to 2024GanfengLithium, FMC, CNNC Jianzhong, etc

Lithium Metal Market Future Scenario, Growth rate, Market Segmentation, and Industrial Opportunities to 2024GanfengLithium, FMC, CNNC Jianzhong, etc
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2019.06.11 14:20 sergeibogolepov Exams in Russia (Goethe Institute)

Just received the date for B1 exams in Novosibirsk 06.06.2019
From 29 participants only 13 passt Sprechen part successfully and only 1 (!) the total 4 parts. The examiners are very serious because B1 is like pass in new life in Germany. For russian germans the oral part B1 (Sprechen) is necessary to get residence permit. All 4 parts are for those who want to study in something like US community college
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2019.03.31 05:52 finnagains Red Moon, Red Earth: the radical science fiction of Kim Stanley Robinson – by Justin Reynolds (r/Leftwinger) 5 Jan 2019

By day, the waterways between the towers are thick with city traffic. By night, glittering under the lights, they are given over to the river otters, weasels, racoons and harbour seals. Whale pods pass through. At low tide, the waters withdraw, leaving the streets slick with flotsam and every block ringed with green.
Kim Stanley Robinson’s novel New York 2140 foresees a world some 120 years from now in which the great coastal cities have been taken by the sea. Great chunks of Antarctica and Greenland have broken away, causing ocean levels to rise by more than 50 feet. Shanghai, London, The Hague, Miami, Rio, Alexandria, Venice and Mumbai, among many others, have been partially or wholly lost. All of lower Manhattan is under the Atlantic, and much of what remains of the oldest part of the city has become the nebulous ‘intertidal’, a region reaching north from 34th Street to Central Park, dry only at low tide.
The great metropolis has been brutally disfigured. Thousands of lives have been lost, many more disrupted, and cultural treasures washed away forever. As scientists issue ever more urgent warnings about the extent of ice shelf erosion Robinson’s novel reads less like a work of apocalyptic fiction than a straightforward description of the world to come, perhaps the most forensic we have.
And yet, in the end, it is a story of hope. Robinson’s New York has been devastated, but it is still New York. A complex civilisation survives here, and even thrives, after the flood. The submerged city – the ‘SuperVenice’ – has acquired a sublime strangeness, a mesh of crowded, waterways, skywalks, floating villages, platforms and moorings in which vibrant new communities have worked out eclectic new modes of life.
Twenty-second century Lower Manhattan has become ‘a veritable hotbed of theory and practice, like it always used to say it was, but this time for real.’1 The challenge of adapting to life in the intertidal has inspired ‘a proliferation of cooperatives, neighbourhood associations, communes, squats, barter, alternative currencies, gift economies, solar usufruct, fishing village cultures, mondragons, unions, Davy’s locker freemasonries, anarchist blather, and submarine technoculture’.2
An opportunity for disaster capitalism looms as the predatory financial sector uptown tries to forcibly acquire the area to make way for gentrification. But it is too late: the freewheeling new communities have caught the city’s imagination, and they, rather than the ways of the old elites, set the template for New York’s future. Weatherbeaten utopias
Robinson’s insistence, through a career spanning more than 30 years, that human ingenuity can open up compelling new forms of life in and against the harshest circumstances and environments, makes him one of the most consistently interesting radical writers working today in any genre. He shares a certain robust, weatherbeaten utopianism with his former teacher and colleague, the late Ursula Le Guin, another major science fiction writer who never lost faith in our capacity to use our collective intelligence and technological prowess to transcend limiting orthodoxies and open up new horizons.
In one of the best of the many fine tributes written after her death earlier this year, Jasper Bernes nominated Le Guin’s classic story of a realised utopia, The Dispossessed (1974), as ‘the most convincing portrait of communism in all of literature, a communism that is not only plausible but plausibly improvable’. Life on the desert moon of Anarres is tough: a day-to-day struggle with a pinched, parched planet, functional but flawed democratic and administrative structures, and the everyday arguments, jealousies, frustrations and heartbreaks that go with any human community.
And yet, here, there is universal access to food, shelter and community. There is no wage labour: beyond the few hours of communal service everyone must do to maintain the society’s basic functions, the Anarresti are free to pursue their particular passions, vocations and pastimes. Education, art, sport and other activities undertaken for their own sake flourish. There is gender and racial equality. Childcare is a shared duty and pleasure. In brief: Anarres is an achieved postcapitalist society, a robust federation of egalitarian communes in the tradition of Peter Kropotkin or Murray Bookchin. Le Guin’s humdrum, everyday anarchist confederation is believable precisely because it is imperfect.
In his own reflection on Le Guin, Robinson remembers ‘staying up all night to finish her novel The Dispossessed, and feeling afterward electrified by all the possibilities it opened up concerning how the utopian novel could work. I’ve been mining that vein ever since.’ And the work for which he is best known, the Red Mars trilogy (1992 to 1996), follows Le Guin in following the struggles of settlers on a barren world to establish fresh and more fulfilling ways of life than those they had left behind on their mother planet.
The series remains one of the most exhaustive exercises in worldbuilding in science fiction, drawing – in the course of more than two thousand pages – on geology, engineering, architecture, design, physics, biology, chemistry, philosophy, theology, sociology, economics and political theory to tell the story of the settlement of Mars, from the touchdown of the ‘First Hundred’ settlers, to the development of a dense network of cities and the commencement of the terraforming of the planet.
It is also, as the title intimates, an unashamedly socialist work. Fredric Jameson, another of Robinson’ teachers, gave Red Mars a prominent place in his influential study of Marxist utopian literature, Archaeologies of the Future (2005). But McKenzie Wark’s Molecular Red (2015) offers perhaps the most precise reading of Robinson’s influences, revealing the extent to which the author intended the trilogy to be read as a successor to one of the founding works of Soviet science fiction, Alexander Bogdanov’s Red Star (1908).
Bogdanov, who at the time of the book’s writing vied with Lenin for the intellectual leadership of the Bolsheviks, was less concerned with developing strategies for seizing the state than considering how a post-revolutionary society should organise itself. Bogdanov’s thought significantly influenced Proletkult, the movement to develop a post-revolutionary culture that briefly flourished in the early Soviet Union.
Bogdanov turned to science fiction to give himself the intellectual freedom and imaginative space to think through the challenges a workers’ state would face in consolidating its gains and sustaining itself beyond revolution. Red Star imagines a technologically advanced Martian civilisation where capitalism has long been transcended by a kind of proto cyber-communism, an automated economy in which production is planned by powerful calculating machines. The Martians live in a state of communal luxury, devoting their time to science, education, and the arts.
But it is a utopia shadowed by looming ecological crisis. Their planet, smaller and less fecund than the Earth, was depleted of most of its resources during its capitalist era, forcing the Martians to look to other worlds for survival (their socialist sensibilities preclude a Wellsian invasion of the Earth). For Bogdanov, the transition from capitalism to socialism can only ever be the first step in the endless process of building and sustaining a new society: the struggle against nature continues as it always had and always will.
That elemental struggle between labour and recalcitrant nature also runs through Red Mars. Indeed, one of the first volume’s central characters – a charismatic Russian engineer named after Robinson’s predecessor – is a figure straight out of Proletkult.
Arkady Bogdanov, one of the First Hundred, takes the lead in emboldening his fellow pioneers to organise their new world according to democratic and economic principles that move beyond those entrenched on Earth. Arkady wants forms of organising work that will allow it to transcend its alienation in wage labour. The most advanced forms of collaborative labour humanity has devised, such as a scientific community pursuing research for its own sake, should be the template for the whole of society. For Arkady, the research institute is ‘a little model of prehistoric utopia, carved out of the international money economy by clever primates who want to live well’ allowing focus ‘on the real work, which means everything that is done to stay alive, or make things, or satisfy our curiosity, or play.’3
And as the first Martians come to realise and relish the extent of their agency, new settlements are established that break with capitalist logics. Many, following Arkady’s influence, are based on the ideals that energised pioneering socialist systems back on Earth: Mondragon co-operatives, Yugoslav self-management, Israeli kibbutzim. It soon becomes possible, as Wark puts it, to travel ‘between the underground enclaves – Gramsci, Fourier, Mauss-Hyde, Bogdanov-Visniak, Cole, Bellamy, Proudhon – as if on a caravan across the folds of the critical utopian archive.’4 Others take a more mystical turn. There are Sufi and Buddhist communities, and some that worship the ‘holy greening power’5 that brings life to the planet when the terraforming process begins.
Robinson’s vibrant, riotous new world settles into a federation of city-states regulated by a convention enshrining principles not unlike those of Le Guin’s anarcho-communism: ‘[E]veryone’s work is their own, and the worth of it cannot be taken away … the various modes of production belong to those who created them, and to the common good of the future generations … the world is something we all steward together.’6 The pull of the moon
The shock of the new – an encounter with an alien world that extends our sense of possibility – also drives Robinson’s latest novel Red Moon (2018), set 30 years into a future in which China has taken the lead in a resurgent space race. After the late President Xi Jinping prioritised lunar colonisation as an objective of the ‘China Dream’ programme at the 2022 People’s Congress, China has established a thick complex of bases with access to the precious reserves of lunar ice around the moon’s southern pole. Meanwhile, the US and a handful of other nations have established a tentative foothold in the northern hemisphere.
By 2048, the Chinese and US governments still maintain control over most of the moon’s emerging infrastructure, but here and there new settlements have been planted – tucked into crater rims, under mountain ranges or in ancient lava tunnels deep below the surface – allowing for open-ended technological, economic, political and cultural experimentation.
At this early stage in the colonisation process, these settlements are little more than playthings of the rich, funded by maverick billionaires and accessible only to wealthy futurists. But like so much tech utopianism, the new communities fascinate as well as infuriate. The most intriguing is ‘the free crater’, a domed town that exploits lunar gravity to indulge in cyber-utopianism’s wildest excesses, becoming a kind of celestial Google complex run wild. The crater is aerated and heated, lit by mirrors and floodlights set around the rim. Hundreds of platforms are suspended from the top of the dome, and plinths support houses, pod dwellings, and open floors, all connected by rope ladders, trapezes and catwalks. Inhabitants navigate the space by swinging or leaping from one platform to the next, their passage eased by near zero-gravity and the security of netting below.
The community is organised as ‘a documented anarchy’7, its activities and decisions recorded to a blockchain distributed ledger. One member enthuses that ‘their daily work in the crater was to build its infrastructure and its social system, and to make it beautiful. Life as art, the world as a poem – a poem about flying’.8
And everyone is welcome – provided they have the money. But new things are happening here. One of Red Moon’s most colourful scenes imagines a zero-gravity performance of Philip Glass’s propulsive opera Satyagraha, at which the concert-goers grasp ‘handholds like subway straps at the ends of long lines extending from a central spinner’, and are ‘cast like dandelion seeds’9 as they let go at key points in the score, creating a complex of flying dancers. The lunar environment facilitates an odd, compelling new collaborative art.
As in Red Mars, a humanity’s encounter with a new world fascinates and unsettles the billions watching below. As China, the US, and their maverick elites play with fresh possibilities elsewhere, the political and economic constructs they insist upon back on Earth are destabilised, revealed as the contingent arrangements they always were. China’s vast migrant populations march on Beijing to protest the registration system that gives them no legal status when they travel from their place of birth to look for work. In the US, millions pull their money from an over-leveraged financial sector, which is finally taken into public control as the condition for yet another government bailout. Engineered ecologies
Red Moon engages with another of Robinson’s fundamental concerns: the use of technology to re-engineer nature for human ends. Though well-known for his love of the natural world – Robinson famously writes outside whatever the weather – and recognised for his environmental activism, he has consistently advocated limited use of geoengineering as one means of mitigating the effects of irreversible climate change. In one interview, Robinson argued that ‘there is a bad tendency among some leftists to conflate science with capitalism. They are not the same. I am against capitalism, I am for science … We need to choose to put science, technology, engineering and medicine to good human and biosphere work, rather than let it be bought to serve profit for the few most wealthy.’
In other words, he favours doing what works. Red Moon makes repeated approving references to China’s pragmatic, eclectic energy policy, with its massive land restoration programmes and selective use of nuclear power. Flying over the hills west of Beijing, one character observes how ‘a town of nuclear plants lofted thick plumes of steam at the sky, marking a cold but humid day. The solar power arrays surrounding the nuclear plants were mostly mirror fields that reflected sunlight to central heating elements, so as the jet flew over them, broad curves of diamond light sparked in his vision at the same speed as their flight … The hills farther on were cloaked with thick dark green forests. Ta Shu could remember when dropping into Beijing had looked like a descent into hell, the hillsides all cut to shreds and eroded to bedrock, the streams brown, the air black … That forest was a living result of human knowledge.’10
And in New York 2140, the leader of a desperate project to save a colony of polar bears by moving them from the disintegrating Arctic to the Antarctic explodes with rage when the effort is sabotaged by fundamentalist conservationists: ‘So now there’s a group claiming to be defending the purity of Antarctica. The last pure place, they call it. The world’s national park, they call it. Well, no. It’s none of those things. It’s the land at the South Pole, a little round continent in an odd position. It’s nice but it’s no more pure or sacred than anywhere else …There were beech forests there once, there were dinosaurs and ferns, there were fucking jungles there. There will be again someday. Meanwhile, if that island can serve as a home to keep the polar bears from going extinct, then that’s what it should be.’11
For Robinson, there is no pristine wilderness. Life survives through relentless adaptation. But the cautious planetary engineering he advocates is closer in spirit to Fabian technocracy than Soviet prometheanism. Indeed, the Red Mars series offers perhaps the most exhaustive account in literature of the process of transforming another world, and the ethical questions it raises.
The fundamental ideological divide running through all three novels pitches the quietist ‘Reds’, for whom the ancient character of another world is sacrosanct, against the radical ‘Greens’, for whom the imperative to open new spaces for life commands its transformation. After intense intellectual – and often physical – conflict, the Greens prevail. But the long, hard business of terraforming a dry, dead planet proves an unfathomable process, beyond what even their most extreme ecological projections had projected.
As Mars stirs from its immemorial slumber, the planet threatens to overcome its awakeners: superstorms rage, mountain ranges collapse, seas overflow their ancient channels and wash gleaming new domed cities away. The chief architect of the terraforming process is humbled: ‘There’s all kinds of invasions going on. Population surges, sudden die-offs. All over. Things in disequilibrium. Upsetting balances we didn’t even know existed. Things we don’t understand.’12 Building new – and lasting – worlds
Like Bogdanov’s Red Star, Robinson’s Red Mars proves the harshest of laboratories. The new world offers a space where bold new ways of life have the space to develop, but they must be carved painstakingly out of the ancient planet’s cold, stubborn rock.
His work is suffused with images of civilisation’s fragility in the face of an irresistible, indifferent nature. New York 2140 depicts a great city positioned precariously at the edge of a monstrous, careless ocean. Sometimes winter ‘comes barreling down from the Arctic and slams into New York and suddenly it looks like Warsaw or Moscow or Novosibirsk, the skyscrapers a portrait in socialist realism, grim and heroic, holding blackly upright against the storm, like pillars between the ground and the scudding low clouds.’13 In summer, there are days ‘when thunderheads solid as marble rise up until even the superscrapers look small, and the black anvil bottoms of these seventy-thousand-foot marvels dump raindrops fat as dinner plates’.14
For Bogdanov and Robinson, transcending capitalist relations is a necessary but wholly insufficient condition for prising open a space in the universe where the human ’species-being’ can find its fulfilment. Nature will always be waiting on the other side of capitalism. The construction of utopia is an engineering project without a completion date.
And yet, for Robinson it is a necessary project. He wrote recently that one way ‘of being anti-anti-utopian is to be utopian. It’s crucial to keep imagining that things could get better, and furthermore to imagine how they might get better … we have to do this work no matter how we feel about it. So by force of will or the sheer default of emergency we make ourselves have utopian thoughts and ideas.’
Robinson’s work stands against science fiction’s tendency to wallow in dystopia, or indulge in the fantasy of escape to other, kinder worlds. One of his most provocative novels, Aurora (2015), challenges a cherished assumption of the sci-fi tradition: that humanity will one day find a home among the stars. Robinson’s interstellar travellers find that perhaps the stars are not our destination – they are simply too far away. Our Earth, and perhaps in not too many years, the wider solar system, is where we must make our home, the expansive but, ultimately, limited environment within which we must fashion better ways of life, or not at all. If we continue to trash our own planet, we face extinction or an attenuated life elsewhere, finding a foothold on one of the solar system’s inhospitable worlds, or some space colony floating endlessly through the void.
Robinson captures the thought in one of Red Moon’s eeriest scenes, as two old men stand on a dead world looking back on Earth’s rise above a curve of lunar hills: ‘So far from home. Vivid blue, the colour of water, the colour of breath. The cosmic yin-yang symbol enveloping that blue line was by contrast so obviously dead. They were looking from death toward life, like ghosts trying to figure out what they should have done when they were in the world.’15
It is hard to figure that out as 2019 begins, a year that is likely to join its four predecessors as one of the hottest on record. We enter it with the starkest warnings we have yet received from the international scientific community about the consequences of failing to take meaningful action against climate change.
And yet it is a year that has also begun with two extraordinary scientific achievements: an encounter with a small icy alien world some 6.5 billion kilometres from Earth, and the first landing of a robotic spacecraft on the far side of the moon.
Indeed, we find ourselves at a very Robinsonian conjuncture, as human ingenuity is demonstrated against a background of grave ecological crisis. For Robinson, the pragmatic utopian, there is always a way forward, always a way to use our knowledge for the collective good. Perhaps, unlike his waterlogged New Yorkers, or interplanetary travellers, we won’t wait until our cities are flooded, or the prospect of conquering new worlds seems easier than trying to fix this one, before we make the effort to employ our hard-won knowledge wisely.
submitted by finnagains to leftwinger [link] [comments]

2019.03.12 13:43 TheWCAOfficial WCA Competition Announcement Thread for Week 10 of 2019

Hi /cubers!
Here is the list of competitions announced since Tuesday 2019-03-05. For more information please visit the corresponding websites :)
Disclaimer: continents correspond to the WCA interpretation. The full list can be found here.
(Dates are year-month-day)


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
China Changsha, Hunan Changsha Spring Open 2019 2019-04-14 2019-04-14 Link
China Xi'an, Shaanxi Xi'an Cherry Blossom 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link
China Xiamen, Fujian Xiamen Open 2019 2019-05-05 2019-05-05 Link
China Yancheng, Jiangsu Yancheng Spring 2019 2019-04-06 2019-04-06 Link
India Bengaluru, Karnataka Bengaluru Cool Down 2019 2019-04-20 2019-04-21 Link
Indonesia Jambi City, Jambi Jambi Cube Festival 2019 2019-04-27 2019-04-28 Link
Malaysia Serdang, Selangor Putra Speedcubing Challenge 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Austria Hohenems, Vorarlberg Vorarlberg Open 2019 2019-04-27 2019-04-28 Link
Germany Laudenbach Rhein-Neckar Open 2019 2019-06-22 2019-06-23 Link
Germany Unterhaching Munich Open 2019 2019-11-02 2019-11-03 Link
Poland Gdańsk GLS Cup I 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link
Russia Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod Spring Open 2019 2019-04-06 2019-04-07 Link
Russia Novosibirsk Novosibirsk Planetarium Open 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link
Russia Yakutsk Yakutsk Cubing 2019 2019-04-07 2019-04-07 Link
Slovenia Maribor Slovenian Nationals 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link
Spain Alicante Dual Games Alicante 2019 2019-04-06 2019-04-06 Link
Switzerland Luzern Swiss Nationals 2019 2019-06-08 2019-06-10 Link
Turkey Eskişehir Eskişehir Spring 2019 2019-04-20 2019-04-21 Link

Multiple Cities

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Multiple Multiple Cities FMC 2019 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 Link

North America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Canada Montreal, Quebec Montreal Limited Winter 2019 2019-04-06 2019-04-06 Link
Canada Vancouver, British Columbia Please Be Solved Vancouver 2019 2019-05-25 2019-05-26 Link
Mexico Cuautitlan Izacalli Izcube 2019 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Link
Mexico Tlaxcala Silence in Tlaxcala 2019 2019-05-04 2019-05-05 Link
United States Ann Arbor, Michigan Michigan Cubing Club Beta 2019 2019-04-14 2019-04-14 Link
United States Denver, Colorado Denver Back to School 2019 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 Link
United States Latham, New York Colonie Spring 2019 2019-06-08 2019-06-08 Link
United States Middleton, Wisconsin Clock N' FMC Wisconsin 2019 2019-04-14 2019-04-14 Link
United States Portland, Oregon Keep Portland Quiet 2019 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 Link
United States Salt Lake City, Utah Utah's April Surprise 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link


Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
New Zealand Auckland NxNZ 2019 2019-04-26 2019-04-27 Link

South America

Country City Name Start Date End Date Website
Brazil Fortaleza, Ceará Planeta do Saber 2.0 2019 2019-07-27 2019-07-28 Link
Brazil São Paulo, São Paulo Arnold Classic South America 2019 2019-04-13 2019-04-14 Link
Colombia Cali, Valle Del Cauca CUDES Cali 2019 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 Link
Peru Cusco Cusco Speedcubing II 2019 2019-06-29 2019-06-29 Link
submitted by TheWCAOfficial to Cubers [link] [comments]

2018.12.20 06:17 AlexRichman Fight for the Arctic

Nowadays, there is a growing awareness that in the foreseeable future, the Arctic will become the main resource base of humanity. According to the latest geological survey data, the northernmost corner of the Earth is rich in everything that any country can dream of: oil, gas, precious and non-ferrous metals. In our eyes, the struggle for control over these natural resources is unfolding in the Arctic Ocean.
After the abolition of the sectoral principle of dividing the Arctic territory, each state clearly defined its sea borders in the North - 12 miles. Another 200 miles each country was "presented" as an "exclusive economic zone." That is, a given state can develop natural resources within the boundaries of this area and earn them. Everything else has become a "common use area".
However, the Convention on the Law of the Sea, adopted in 1982, still laid relief for the Arctic countries - they can expand the boundaries of their marine areas, if they prove that the Arctic Ocean shelf is an extension of the continental platform on which these countries are located.
From this point on, all applicants for this territory began to study the seabed. The northern states began to look for signs of kinship of their continent with the strata of rocks in the Arctic Ocean.
Russia, on the basis of international law, claims a seabed area outside the 200-mile zone in the entire Russian polar sector with the inclusion of the North Pole zone and the southern extremity of the Gakkel Ridge. This is the area of the extended continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean, which is 1.2 million km2.
In December 2001, Russia, the first of the Arctic countries, submitted to the UN Commission the first application for expanding its Arctic shelf. The rationale cited data indicating that the Mendeleev and Lomonosov ridges, located on the deep ocean, are a continuation of the Siberian continental platform. In 2002, the commission concluded that the information provided was not enough to classify the areas indicated in the application as the Russian continental shelf.
In this regard, extensive data refinement work has been carried out. Altogether, seven expeditions were carried out on the scientific ship Akademik Fedorov, as a result of which sea bottom measurements and seismic surveys were carried out, bottom sediment samples were collected from a depth of several kilometers. In particular, in August 2007, a unique scientific experiment was conducted in the North Pole area. For the first time in the history of scientific exploration of the Arctic, Russian oceanologists and polar explorers with the help of deep-sea apparatuses "Mir" have sunk to the bottom of the Arctic Ocean to a depth of over four thousand meters.
Scientists took samples of soil and water, took photographs and filming, and also installed a Russian titanium alloy tricolor on the ocean floor. Having studied the basalts and dolerites extracted from the bottom of the northern and southern parts of the underwater range, the scientists found that they have the same nature as the ancient base of the Novosibirsk Islands, which is an integral part of the continental shelf. The last expedition was completed in the framework of the preparation of the second application in October 2014. For the first time, scientific work was carried out in the area of ​​the Podvodnikov and Amundsen basins - beyond 200 miles.
Thus, according to scientists, the Russian application for expanding the boundaries of the continental shelf in the Arctic is based on reliable and unique data.
As a result, the repeated Russian application for expanding its borders at the expense of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean was submitted to the UN in 2015. The Lomonosov Ridge, the Podvodnikov Basin, the Mendeleev Rift, the Chukotka Hollow, which are a continuation of the Siberian continental platform, are mentioned here.
The main argument of Russia: a significant part of the underwater territory claimed by the country is a continuation of the continent, constituting a whole with it, there are no faults filled with oceanic crust.
Consequently, this is part of the continent, which for some reason plunged into the water, which means that the Lomonosov Ridge and the Mendeleev Ridge can be considered the territory of the Russian continental shelf. To date, the Russian application is still under consideration by the UN Commission. However, Russia has every chance that this application will be accepted.
At the same time, Norway, the United States, Canada and Denmark also claim to different parts of the Arctic Ocean, including the extended Lomonosov Ridge. At the moment, only Denmark has submitted its application for expanding the borders of the continental shelf of the Arctic, in addition to Russia. Thus, the main struggle for the shelf and the Arctic as a whole is still ahead. The Arctic race is just beginning, and the main prize is billions of barrels of oil and gas.
submitted by AlexRichman to worldpolitics [link] [comments]

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